How to format your references using the Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ueno, Y. (2014). Earth Science. Coping with low ocean sulfate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ischenko, A. A., & Saparbaev, M. K. (2002). Alternative nucleotide incision repair pathway for oxidative DNA damage. Nature, 415(6868), 183–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Izumikawa, T., Sato, B., & Kitagawa, H. (2014). Chondroitin sulfate is indispensable for pluripotency and differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 3701.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cohen, H. Y., Miller, C., Bitterman, K. J., Wall, N. R., Hekking, B., Kessler, B., Howitz, K. T., Gorospe, M., de Cabo, R., & Sinclair, D. A. (2004). Calorie restriction promotes mammalian cell survival by inducing the SIRT1 deacetylase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 390–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, J. (2010). Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Design and Device Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Scarpa, R., & Alberini, A. (Eds.). (2005). Applications of Simulation Methods in Environmental and Resource Economics (Vol. 6). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Juma, C., & Gordon, K. (2014). Transgenic Crops and Food Security. In A. Ricroch, S. Chopra, & S. J. Fleischer (Eds.), Plant Biotechnology: Experience and Future Prospects (pp. 45–58). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, August 3). Men Cite Themselves Way More Than Women In Studies. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Small Business Act: NASA’s Disadvantaged Business Advocate Not Reporting to Proper Management Level (GGD-87-50). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Small, C. R. (2013). An investigation on the effect(s) of different modes of intervention for weight management on HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol production among United States veterans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2004, July 1). Dmitri Dudko, 82, Foe of Stalin Who Recanted and Praised Him. New York Times, C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ueno, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ischenko & Saparbaev, 2002; Ueno, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ischenko & Saparbaev, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Izumikawa et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cohen et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal
AbbreviationHealth Psychol. Behav. Med.
ISSN (online)2164-2850

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