How to format your references using the Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal, A. A. (2001). Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5541), 321–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hewitt, S. C., & Korach, K. S. (2011). Cell biology. A hand to support the implantation window. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6019), 863–864.
A journal article with 3 authors
Averill, C., Turner, B. L., & Finzi, A. C. (2014). Mycorrhiza-mediated competition between plants and decomposers drives soil carbon storage. Nature, 505(7484), 543–545.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hart, D. O., Raha, T., Lawson, N. D., & Green, M. R. (2007). Initiation of zebrafish haematopoiesis by the TATA-box-binding protein-related factor Trf3. Nature, 450(7172), 1082–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shahidi, A. (2014). Balanced Asset Allocation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hyman, D. (Ed.). (2005). Improving Healthcare: A Dose of Competition A Report By The Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice (July, 2004), with various Supplementary Materials (Vol. 9). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Itterheim, S., & Löw, A. (2011). Your First Game. In A. Löw (Ed.), Learn cocos2D Game Development with iOS 5 (pp. 81–113). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 27). Sports Stadium Lights May Alter Bat Behavior And Threaten Biodiversity. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Reasons for Ending Financial Support to the Dimmitt Independent School District Follow Through Project (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witowski, L. L. (2008). The relationship between instructional delivery methods and student learning preferences: What contributes to student satisfaction in an online learning environment? (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner, T. (2016, October 31). 7th Inning? Bring In the Closer. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agrawal, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Agrawal, 2001; Hewitt & Korach, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hewitt & Korach, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Averill, Turner, & Finzi, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hart, Raha, Lawson, & Green, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal
AbbreviationHealth Psychol. Behav. Med.
ISSN (online)2164-2850

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