How to format your references using the Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartzberg, P. L. (2001). Immunology. Tampering with the immune system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 228–229.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paul, W. E., & Mage, R. G. (2000). Elvin A. Kabat (1914-2000). Nature, 407(6802), 316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kainulainen, J., Federrath, C., & Henning, T. (2014). Unfolding the laws of star formation: the density distribution of molecular clouds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6180), 183–185.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Orosei, R., Lauro, S. E., Pettinelli, E., Cicchetti, A., Coradini, M., Cosciotti, B., Di Paolo, F., Flamini, E., Mattei, E., Pajola, M., Soldovieri, F., Cartacci, M., Cassenti, F., Frigeri, A., Giuppi, S., Martufi, R., Masdea, A., Mitri, G., Nenna, C., … Seu, R. (2018). Radar evidence of subglacial liquid water on Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6401), 490–493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S. (2014). Transport and Coherent Structures in Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Peris-Ortiz, M., & Merigó Lindahl, J. M. (Eds.). (2015). Sustainable Learning in Higher Education: Developing Competencies for the Global Marketplace. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Blake, D., Lehmann, B. N., & Timmermann, A. (2016). Performance Clustering and Incentives in the UK Pension Fund Industry. In S. Satchell (Ed.), Asset Management: Portfolio Construction, Performance and Returns (pp. 63–94). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, May 9). Hubble Detects Massive Gas Halo Surrounding Andromeda Galaxy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Surface Transportation Programs: Proposals Highlight Key Issues and Challenges in Restructuring the Programs (GAO-08-843R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bauer, S. L. (2017). Work-Life Balanced Culture, Work Flexibility, and Inducements: Impact on Perceived Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intention [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C. (2016, September 13). Open Champion Shows Vulnerability Off the Court, Not on It. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwartzberg, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Paul & Mage, 2000; Schwartzberg, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paul & Mage, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Kainulainen et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Orosei et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal
AbbreviationHealth Psychol. Behav. Med.
ISSN (online)2164-2850

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