How to format your references using the Health & Social Care in the Community citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health & Social Care in the Community. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ritson D. (2003) Fuel for thought. Nature 421 (6923), 575–576.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drenkard E. & Ausubel F.M. (2002) Pseudomonas biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance are linked to phenotypic variation. Nature 416 (6882), 740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Innocenti P., Morrow E.H. & Dowling D.K. (2011) Experimental evidence supports a sex-specific selective sieve in mitochondrial genome evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6031), 845–848.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Kim M.C., Panstruga R., Elliott C., Müller J., Devoto A., Yoon H.W., Park H.C., Cho M.J. & Schulze-Lefert P. (2002) Calmodulin interacts with MLO protein to regulate defence against mildew in barley. Nature 416 (6879), 447–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Staudt G. (2001) Experimentalphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany .
An edited book
Whitacre D.M. (Ed) (2010) Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 209. Springer, New York, NY .
A chapter in an edited book
Koprić I. (2008) Independent Local Lists in Croatia: In Search for a Composite Theoretical Frame. In: M. Reiser and E. Holtmann (Eds) Farewell to the Party Model?: Independent Local Lists in East and West European Countries, pp. 39–61. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health & Social Care in the Community.

Blog post
Carpineti A. (2016) ESA’s Gaia Spacecraft Reveals Most Accurate Map Of The Milky Way. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed on 10/30/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Vehicle Donations: Taxpayer Considerations When Donating Vehicles to Charities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horwitz M.H. (2017) Morphodynamics and Sediment Transport Pathways of the John’s Pass-Blind Pass Dual Inlet System: Pinellas County, Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. (2016) The Listings: Film Series. New York Times, C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ritson 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Drenkard & Ausubel 2002, Ritson 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drenkard & Ausubel 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth & Social Care in the Community
AbbreviationHealth Soc. Care Community
ISSN (print)0966-0410
ISSN (online)1365-2524
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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