How to format your references using the Health & Social Care in the Community citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health & Social Care in the Community. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eakin C.M. (2014) Oceans. Lamarck was partially right--and that is good for corals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6186), 798–799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen W.-P. & Yang Z. (2004) Earthquakes beneath the Himalayas and Tibet: evidence for strong lithospheric mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5679), 1949–1952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Michael Beman J., Arrigo K.R. & Matson P.A. (2005) Agricultural runoff fuels large phytoplankton blooms in vulnerable areas of the ocean. Nature 434 (7030), 211–214.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
O’Neill M.A., Eberhard S., Albersheim P. & Darvill A.G. (2001) Requirement of borate cross-linking of cell wall rhamnogalacturonan II for Arabidopsis growth. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5543), 846–849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam M.R., Islam J.S., Zatzman G.M., Mughal M.A.H. & Rahman M.S. (2016) The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ .
An edited book
Shute V.J. & Becker B.J. (Eds) (2010) Innovative Assessment for the 21st Century: Supporting Educational Needs. Springer US, Boston, MA .
A chapter in an edited book
Traxler A. & Maslen E. (2009) Actuators. In: E.H. Maslen and G. Schweitzer (Eds) Magnetic Bearings: Theory, Design, and Application to Rotating Machinery, pp. 111–134. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health & Social Care in the Community.

Blog post
Hale T. (2016) These Colorful Maps Show That River Basins Are Surprisingly Interesting. IFLScience. Available at: (accessed on 10/30/2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Advanced Imaging Technology: TSA Needs Additional Information before Procuring Next-Generation Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fahmy C. (2012) Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenthal B.M. (2017) ‘Tough Cop’ Running for Mayor Is Accused of Pushing Limits. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eakin 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Yang 2004, Eakin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Yang 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Neill et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth & Social Care in the Community
AbbreviationHealth Soc. Care Community
ISSN (print)0966-0410
ISSN (online)1365-2524
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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