How to format your references using the HAYATI Journal of Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grant, P., 2002. Is a bell tolling for Bell Labs? Nature 417, 789.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sabatini, B.L., Svoboda, K., 2000. Analysis of calcium channels in single spines using optical fluctuation analysis. Nature 408, 589–593.
A journal article with 3 authors
Queitsch, C., Sangster, T.A., Lindquist, S., 2002. Hsp90 as a capacitor of phenotypic variation. Nature 417, 618–624.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nikolov, N., Sing, D.K., Fortney, J.J., Goyal, J.M., Drummond, B., Evans, T.M., Gibson, N.P., De Mooij, E.J.W., Rustamkulov, Z., Wakeford, H.R., Smalley, B., Burgasser, A.J., Hellier, C., Helling, C., Mayne, N.J., Madhusudhan, N., Kataria, T., Baines, J., Carter, A.L., Ballester, G.E., Barstow, J.K., McCleery, J., Spake, J.J., 2018. An absolute sodium abundance for a cloud-free “hot Saturn” exoplanet. Nature 557, 526–529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinebretière, R., 2010. X-ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials. ISTE, London, UK.
An edited book
Nguyen, N.T. (Ed.), 2012. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence VII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Blance, A., 2012. Multilevel Modelling, in: Tu, Y.-K., Greenwood, D.C. (Eds.), Modern Methods for Epidemiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Video Shows Snake That Ate a Pitbull Whole! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. [Comments on Referral of NASA Subcontractors’ Claims to Congress] (No. B-230871.4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pecue, C.J., 2015. Utilizing Audiovisual Stimuli in the Classroom to Facilitate Pronunciation of French Stop Consonants (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2014. U.S. Program Can Take Heart in Germany’s Win. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grant, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Grant, 2002; Sabatini and Svoboda, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sabatini and Svoboda, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Nikolov et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
ISSN (print)1978-3019

Other styles