How to format your references using the HAYATI Journal of Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redfield, S., 2012. Astronomy. Gathering interstellar gas. Science 336, 1243–1244.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kanan, M.W., Nocera, D.G., 2008. In situ formation of an oxygen-evolving catalyst in neutral water containing phosphate and Co2+. Science 321, 1072–1075.
A journal article with 3 authors
Junker, J.P., Ziegler, F., Rief, M., 2009. Ligand-dependent equilibrium fluctuations of single calmodulin molecules. Science 323, 633–637.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jensen, L.J., Jensen, T.S., de Lichtenberg, U., Brunak, S., Bork, P., 2006. Co-evolution of transcriptional and post-translational cell-cycle regulation. Nature 443, 594–597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C.W., Jr., 2013. Demand-Driven Forecasting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Czito, B.G., Willett, C.G. (Eds.), 2010. Rectal Cancer: International Perspectives on Multimodality Management, Current Clinical Oncology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
LeBlanc, M.-A., Pickett, J., 2014. Advocating for Rectal Microbicides and Safe Lubricants, in: Eaton, L.A., Kalichman, S.C. (Eds.), Biomedical Advances in HIV Prevention: Social and Behavioral Perspectives. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Men May Have Learned To Navigate In Order To Find More Mates [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. State Department: Problems in Compiling List of Countries Restricting Longshore Activities (No. NSIAD-94-97). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haffner, I., 2017. Experimental Investigation of Temperature Dependency in Transmission Characteristics of Liquid Crystals by Spectroscopy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2016. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Redfield, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kanan and Nocera, 2008; Redfield, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kanan and Nocera, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jensen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
ISSN (print)1978-3019

Other styles