How to format your references using the HAYATI Journal of Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gonzalez, C., 2015. Cell division: A last-minute decision. Nature 528, 196–197.
A journal article with 2 authors
He, W., Ren, T., 2013. Basilar membrane vibration is not involved in the reverse propagation of otoacoustic emissions. Sci. Rep. 3, 1874.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bridgham, J.T., Ortlund, E.A., Thornton, J.W., 2009. An epistatic ratchet constrains the direction of glucocorticoid receptor evolution. Nature 461, 515–519.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, X., He, B., Wang, Z., Tang, H., Su, T., Wang, Q., 2014. Tough nanocomposite ionogel-based actuator exhibits robust performance. Sci. Rep. 4, 6673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marteel-Parrish, A.E., Abraham, M.A., 2013. Green Chemistry and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Purshouse, R.C., Fleming, P.J., Fonseca, C.M., Greco, S., Shaw, J. (Eds.), 2013. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 7th International Conference, EMO 2013, Sheffield, UK, March 19-22, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zelarayán, L.C., Zafiriou, M.P., Zimmermann, W.-H., 2016. Myocardial Pharmacoregeneration, in: Steinhoff, G. (Ed.), Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 5. Regenerative Therapies II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 111–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Russian Fisherman Captures Insane-Looking Deep-Sea Creatures, But What The Hell Are They? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Increasing Use of Data Telecommunications Calls for Stronger Protection and Improved Economies (No. LCD-81-1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tzillah, A., 2009. The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2016. The Innocents of Times Square. New York Times MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gonzalez, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gonzalez, 2015; He and Ren, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He and Ren, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
ISSN (print)1978-3019

Other styles