How to format your references using the HAYATI Journal of Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spence, K., 2000. Ancient Egyptian chronology and the astronomical orientation of pyramids. Nature 408, 320–324.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catlow, R., Fisher, A., 2011. Marshall Stoneham (1940-2011). Nature 471, 306.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reynolds, J.N., Hyland, B.I., Wickens, J.R., 2001. A cellular mechanism of reward-related learning. Nature 413, 67–70.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ge, Z., Bergonci, T., Zhao, Y., Zou, Y., Du, S., Liu, M.-C., Luo, X., Ruan, H., García-Valencia, L.E., Zhong, S., Hou, S., Huang, Q., Lai, L., Moura, D.S., Gu, H., Dong, J., Wu, H.-M., Dresselhaus, T., Xiao, J., Cheung, A.Y., Qu, L.-J., 2017. Arabidopsis pollen tube integrity and sperm release are regulated by RALF-mediated signaling. Science 358, 1596–1600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiuwei Wu, 2013. Grid Integration of Electric Vehicles in Open Electricity Markets. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Alford, T.L., 2007. Fundamentals of Nanoscale Film Analysis. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Crippin, J.B., 2011. Explosives and Arson, in: Mozayani, A., Noziglia, C. (Eds.), The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 123–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Patagonia Proves Extinctions Down to Both Hunting And Climate Change [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children (No. 103697). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mete, R.J., 2010. Can STEM initiatives be social justice oriented: An analysis of urban school reform via smaller learning communities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S., Kanter, J., 2017. Starting British Election Campaign, May Warns of E.U. Meddling. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spence, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Catlow and Fisher, 2011; Spence, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Catlow and Fisher, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ge et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
ISSN (print)1978-3019

Other styles