How to format your references using the HAYATI Journal of Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wurthner, F., 2006. Chemistry. Generating a photocurrent on the nanometer scale. Science 314, 1693–1694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prüfer, K., Meyer, M., 2015. Anthropology. Comment on “Late Pleistocene human skeleton and mtDNA link Paleoamericans and modern Native Americans.” Science 347, 835.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, M., Mrofka, D., von der Borch, C., 2008. Snowball Earth termination by destabilization of equatorial permafrost methane clathrate. Nature 453, 642–645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kataoka, N., Dobashi, I., Hagiwara, M., Ohno, M., 2013. hDbr1 is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein with a protein phosphatase-like motif essential for debranching activity. Sci. Rep. 3, 1090.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perry, D.E., Haluska, M.J., 2016. Hiring Greatness. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
de Almeida, R.G., Manouilidou, C. (Eds.), 2015. Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cunnington, A., Patel, S., Lyall, H., 2010. Why Are Some Babies Still Being Infected with HIV in the UK?, in: Finn, A., Curtis, N., Pollard, A.J. (Eds.), Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children VI, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Ultra-Stable Perovskite Cells Signal Dawn Of A Solar Age [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Testing and Other Challenges Confronting Federal Agencies (No. T-AIMD-98-218). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binkley, P.M., 2012. Relationship of Graduate Student Involvement to Graduate Alumni Donor Behavior (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Role Players Define the Dodgers, and Hernandez Has a Leading Part. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wurthner, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Prüfer and Meyer, 2015; Wurthner, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prüfer and Meyer, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kataoka et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
ISSN (print)1978-3019

Other styles