How to format your references using the HAYATI Journal of Biosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pikitch, E.K., 2012. Oceans. The risks of overfishing. Science 338, 474–475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richmond, T.J., Davey, C.A., 2003. The structure of DNA in the nucleosome core. Nature 423, 145–150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shah, A.K., Mullainathan, S., Shafir, E., 2012. Some consequences of having too little. Science 338, 682–685.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mulitza, S., Heslop, D., Pittauerova, D., Fischer, H.W., Meyer, I., Stuut, J.-B., Zabel, M., Mollenhauer, G., Collins, J.A., Kuhnert, H., Schulz, M., 2010. Increase in African dust flux at the onset of commercial agriculture in the Sahel region. Nature 466, 226–228.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sizer, A., Balachandar, C., Biswas, N., Foon, R., Griffiths, A., Hodgett, S., Sahu, B., Underwood, M., 2016. Part 2 MRCOG: Single Best Answer Questions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Falquet, G., 2011. Ontologies in Urban Development Projects, Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Bez, H.E., 2007. Rational Maximal Parametrisations of Dupin Cyclides, in: Martin, R., Sabin, M., Winkler, J. (Eds.), Mathematics of Surfaces XII: 12th IMA International Conference, Sheffield, UK, September 4-6, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 78–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HAYATI Journal of Biosciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. King Richard III Suffered Nine Blows to the Skull [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Telecommunications: Direct Broadcast Satellite Subscribership Has Grown Rapidly, but Varies across Different Types of Markets (No. GAO-05-257). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenzel, A.B., 2009. Learning the culture of teaching: A middle school perspective (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Baseball; Rainout Gives Injured Mets More Rest. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pikitch, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pikitch, 2012; Richmond and Davey, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richmond and Davey, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mulitza et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
ISSN (print)1978-3019

Other styles