How to format your references using the Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zatz, M. (2005). Global voices of science. When science is not enough: fighting genetic disease in Brazil. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wray, C. M., & Bishop, S. R. (2014). Cascades on a stochastic pulse-coupled network. Scientific Reports, 4, 6355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Micklos, D., Lauter, S., & Nisselle, A. (2011). Essays on science and society. Lessons from a science education portal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1657–1658.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Srinivasan, J., Kaplan, F., Ajredini, R., Zachariah, C., Alborn, H. T., Teal, P. E. A., Malik, R. U., Edison, A. S., Sternberg, P. W., & Schroeder, F. C. (2008). A blend of small molecules regulates both mating and development in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 454(7208), 1115–1118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal, T., Cheng, Y., & Fjeldly, T. A. (2003). Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Priami, C. (Ed.). (2008). Transactions on Computational Systems Biology IX (Vol. 5121). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Heimgärtner, R. (2014). ISO 9241-210 and Culture? – The Impact of Culture on the Standard Usability Engineering Process. In A. Marcus (Ed.), Design, User Experience, and Usability. User Experience Design Practice: Third International Conference, DUXU 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part IV (pp. 39–48). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 22). The Plague Was Infecting Bronze Age People About 5,000 Years Ago. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). America COMPETES Acts: Overall Appropriations Have Increased and Have Mainly Funded Existing Federal Research Entities (GAO-13-612). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, J. M. (2010). Transitional age youth—a program expansion to enhance existing services in Sonoma County: A grant-writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Coscarelli, J. (2017, April 20). New Prince Songs Blocked by Judge. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zatz, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Wray & Bishop, 2014; Zatz, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wray & Bishop, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Micklos et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Srinivasan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationGroup Dyn.
ISSN (print)1089-2699
ISSN (online)1930-7802
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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