How to format your references using the Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2007). Count on it. Nature, 445(7130), 946–947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge, W., & Müller, D. J. (2011). Biochemistry. Seeing a molecular motor at work. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6043), 704–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Y., Yun, W., & Jacobsen, C. (2003). Achromatic Fresnel optics for wideband extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray imaging. Nature, 424(6944), 50–53.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pruneda-Paz, J. L., Breton, G., Para, A., & Kay, S. A. (2009). A functional genomics approach reveals CHE as a component of the Arabidopsis circadian clock. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1481–1485.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbosa, P., Berry, D. L., & Kary, C. S. (2014). Insect Histology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hesse, M. (2009). Pollen Terminology: An illustrated handbook. (H. Halbritter, R. Zetter, M. Weber, R. Buchner, A. Frosch-Radivo, & S. Ulrich, Eds.). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lieb, K. P., Zhang, K., Müller, G. A., Gupta, R., & Schaaf, P. (2005). Heavy Ion Irradiated Ferromagnetic Films: The Cases of Cobalt and Iron. In D. R. S. Somayajulu & K.-P. Lieb (Eds.), IWNMS 2004: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Nanomaterials, Magnetic Ions and Magnetic Semiconductors Studied Mostly by Hyperfine Interactions (IWNMS 2004) held in Baroda, India, 10–14 February 2004 (pp. 39–56). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 25). Childhood Drawings May Indicate Intelligence as Teenagers. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Progress and Problems in Achieving Objectives of School Lunch Program (No. B-178564). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendez, H. (2009). Examination of friendship and burnout among child welfare workers (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, November 28). Court Explores Complexities In Job Discrimination Case. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2007; Junge & Müller, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junge & Müller, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Yun, & Jacobsen, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pruneda-Paz, Breton, Para, & Kay, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleGroup Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
AbbreviationGroup Dyn.
ISSN (print)1089-2699
ISSN (online)1930-7802
ScopeApplied Psychology
Social Psychology

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