How to format your references using the GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Abbott A. Physicists haunted by hints of Higgs boson. Nature 2000; 407:118.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cheng C, Hartwig JF. Rhodium-catalyzed intermolecular C-H silylation of arenes with high steric regiocontrol. Science 2014; 343:853–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Westfall PJ, Ballon DR, Thorner J. When the stress of your environment makes you go HOG wild. Science 2004; 306:1511–2.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Schuster M, Duringer P, Ghienne J-F, Vignaud P, Mackaye HT, Likius A, Brunet M. The age of the Sahara desert. Science 2006; 311:821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
bauforumstahl e.V. Beispiele zur Bemessung von Stahltragwerken nach DIN EN 1993 Eurocode 3. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Kohl H. Transmission Electron Microscopy: Physics of Image Formation. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Atluri V, Shin H. Efficient Security Policy Enforcement in a Location Based Service Environment. In: Barker S, Ahn G-J, editors. Data and Applications Security XXI: 21st Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Redondo Beach, CA, USA, July 8-11, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. page 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 8 Amazing Natural Phenomena [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/amazing-natural-phenomena/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Reagan National Airport: Update on Capacity to Handle Additional Flights and Impact on Other Area Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Slotterback D. Parent Partner Program and Organization (3P-O) parents mentoring parents in child welfare: A grant-writing project. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. A Noble Little Troupe Faces A Cruel Foe: the Rent. New York Times2003; :145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain
AbbreviationGM Crops
ISSN (print)1938-1999
ISSN (online)1938-2006
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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