How to format your references using the Glass Structures & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glass Structures & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murphy, A.B.: Calculation and application of combined diffusion coefficients in thermal plasmas. Sci. Rep. 4, 4304 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Zamore, P.D., Haley, B.: Ribo-gnome: the big world of small RNAs. Science. 309, 1519–1524 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, D., Son, S.-W., Jeong, H.: Large-scale quantitative analysis of painting arts. Sci. Rep. 4, 7370 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J.-M., Jang, H.-J., Choi, S.Y., Park, S.-A., Kim, I.S., Yang, Y.R., Lee, Y.H., Ryu, S.H., Suh, P.-G.: DJ-1 contributes to adipogenesis and obesity-induced inflammation. Sci. Rep. 4, 4805 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, B.: The Possibility of Culture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Ramon, J., Denis, L.J. eds: Prostate Cancer. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Garayev, V., Elma, F.: Disaster Management System in Azerbaijan: The Case of 2010 Kura River Flood. In: Kapucu, N. and Liou, K.T. (eds.) Disaster and Development: Examining Global Issues and Cases. pp. 79–92. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glass Structures & Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: How Many Genes Does It Take To Make A Person?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Biotechnology: Delays in and Status of EPA’s Efforts to Issue a TSCA Regulation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Y.: Lexical Stress Features Affecting the Recognition of English Loanwords in Korean by Native English Hearers, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M.: 17-Year Sentence in Michigan Shooting, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murphy 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Murphy 2014; Zamore and Haley 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zamore and Haley 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlass Structures & Engineering
ISSN (print)2363-5142
ISSN (online)2363-5150

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