How to format your references using the Glass Structures & Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glass Structures & Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A.: Neuroscience: genomics on the brain. Nature. 426, 757 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
MacCoun, R., Perlmutter, S.: Blind analysis: Hide results to seek the truth. Nature. 526, 187–189 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Y., Grey, F., Zheng, Q.: The high-speed sliding friction of graphene and novel routes to persistent superlubricity. Sci. Rep. 4, 4875 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bollong, M.J., Lee, G., Coukos, J.S., Yun, H., Zambaldo, C., Chang, J.W., Chin, E.N., Ahmad, I., Chatterjee, A.K., Lairson, L.L., Schultz, P.G., Moellering, R.E.: A metabolite-derived protein modification integrates glycolysis with KEAP1-NRF2 signalling. Nature. 562, 600–604 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
ASAE: 7 Measures of Success. ASAE: The Center for Association Leadership, Washington, DC (2013)
An edited book
Assadi, F.: Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: Principles and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Jespers, E., Okniński, J.: General Noetherian semigroup algebras. In: Okniński, J. (ed.) Noetherian Semigroup Algebras. pp. 117–147. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glass Structures & Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J.: In Quantum Breakthrough, Scientists Get Two Photons To Interact


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Goddard Space Flight Center: Decision to Contract for Plant Operations and Maintenance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, S.: Identification and Characterization of Senescence-Associated Proteins in Petunia Corollas, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J.: Perseverance Pays for Ward, a New Champion and, Maybe, the Sport’s Next Big Star, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; MacCoun and Perlmutter 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (MacCoun and Perlmutter 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Bollong et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlass Structures & Engineering
ISSN (print)2363-5142
ISSN (online)2363-5150

Other styles