How to format your references using the GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene, M. (2007). The demise of the lone author. Nature, 450(7173), 1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richmond, B. G., & Jungers, W. L. (2008). Orrorin tugenensis femoral morphology and the evolution of hominin bipedalism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5870), 1662–1665.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, X., Rickert, M., & Garcia, K. C. (2005). Structure of the quaternary complex of interleukin-2 with its alpha, beta, and gammac receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5751), 1159–1163.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Comforti, E., Chung, Y. C., Heiblum, M., Umansky, V., & Mahalu, D. (2002). Bunching of fractionally charged quasiparticles tunnelling through high-potential barriers. Nature, 416(6880), 515–518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abid, M. M. (2006). Spacecraft Sensors. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kuri-Morales, A., & Simari, G. R. (Eds.). (2010). Advances in Artificial Intelligence – IBERAMIA 2010: 12th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Bahía Blanca, Argentina, November 1-5, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6433). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Baali, A. G. A.-G., & Farid, M. M. (2006). Fundamentals Of Computational Fluid Dynamics. In M. M. Farid (Ed.), Sterilization Of Food In Retort Pouches (pp. 33–44). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 1). Geometry Allows Stem Cells To Organize, Differentiate Naturally. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Federal Research: Aging Federal Laboratories Need Repairs and Upgrades (No. T-RCED-93-71). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, R. M. (2014). Watershed-Scale Evaluation of Flood Reduction Effect of Low Impact Development Designs (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012, June 3). It Was a Magical Night, With a Cherry on Top. New York Times, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greene, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Greene, 2007; Richmond & Jungers, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richmond & Jungers, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Rickert, & Garcia, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Comforti, Chung, Heiblum, Umansky, & Mahalu, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationGeroPsych (Bern)
ISSN (print)1662-9647
ISSN (online)1662-971X
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

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