How to format your references using the GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Podolak, M. (2007). Planetary science. The case of Saturn’s spin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5843), 1330–1331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pucadyil, T. J., & Schmid, S. L. (2009). Conserved functions of membrane active GTPases in coated vesicle formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5945), 1217–1220.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rao, C. V., Wolf, D. M., & Arkin, A. P. (2002). Control, exploitation and tolerance of intracellular noise. Nature, 420(6912), 231–237.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Donelan, J. M., Li, Q., Naing, V., Hoffer, J. A., Weber, D. J., & Kuo, A. D. (2008). Biomechanical energy harvesting: generating electricity during walking with minimal user effort. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5864), 807–810.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gordon, A., & Hernandez, S. (2016). The Official (ISC) 2® Guide to the SSCP 2® CBK 2®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Groettrup, M. (Ed.). (2010). Conjugation and Deconjugation of Ubiquitin Family Modifiers: Subcellular Biochemistry (Vol. 54). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohye, C. (2009). History of Stereotactic Surgery in Japan. In A. M. Lozano, P. L. Gildenberg, & R. R. Tasker (Eds.), Textbook of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery (pp. 59–63). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 1). Apollo 17 Landing Site To Be Revisited In Attempt To Win New Moon Race. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Social Security: Observations on Improving Distribution of Death Information (GAO-02-233T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrison, G. K. (2010). Self-reported, interview-assisted diet records underreport protein and energy intake in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., & Chapman, M. M. (2016, January 11). VW Starts Down Road of Winning Back Americans. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Podolak, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Podolak, 2007; Pucadyil & Schmid, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pucadyil & Schmid, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Rao et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Donelan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationGeroPsych (Bern)
ISSN (print)1662-9647
ISSN (online)1662-971X
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles