How to format your references using the GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenberg, S. A. (2001). Progress in human tumour immunology and immunotherapy. Nature, 411(6835), 380–384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Relling, M. V., & Evans, W. E. (2015). Pharmacogenomics in the clinic. Nature, 526(7573), 343–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dieterich, J., Cayol, V., & Okubo, P. (2000). The use of earthquake rate changes as a stress meter at Kilauea volcano. Nature, 408(6811), 457–460.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Akagi, H., Otobe, T., Staudte, A., Shiner, A., Turner, F., Dörner, R., … Corkum, P. B. (2009). Laser tunnel ionization from multiple orbitals in HCl. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5946), 1364–1367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (1996). Guidelines for Use of Vapor Cloud Dispersion Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fragiskos, F. D. (Ed.). (2007). Oral Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krogh, P. G., Markussen, T., & Bang, A. L. (2015). Ways of Drifting—Five Methods of Experimentation in Research Through Design. In A. Chakrabarti (Ed.), ICoRD’15 – Research into Design Across Boundaries Volume 1: Theory, Research Methodology, Aesthetics, Human Factors and Education (pp. 39–50). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, November 29). Water Stays Frozen Above Boiling Point When Trapped In Carbon Nanotubes.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing (No. AIMD-99-40R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Victoria, F. C. (2017). One on One (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C. (2015, December 16). Sigh No More; Let’s Twist and Shout. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosenberg, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Relling & Evans, 2015; Rosenberg, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Relling & Evans, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Dieterich, Cayol, & Okubo, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Akagi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry
AbbreviationGeroPsych (Bern)
ISSN (print)1662-9647
ISSN (online)1662-971X
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles