How to format your references using the Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michelson, A.M. 2008. Developmental biology. From genetic association to genetic switch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322, 1803–1804.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, D.H. & Gupta, J.A. 2010. Tunable field control over the binding energy of single dopants by a charged vacancy in GaAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, 1807–1810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng, L., Song, Z.-G. & Jiao, S.-C. 2014. Efficacy analysis of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on rare non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring complex EGFR mutations. Scientific reports, 4, 6104.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Z., Smith, K.S., Murphy, M., Piloto, O., Somervaille, T.C.P. & Cleary, M.L. 2008. Glycogen synthase kinase 3 in MLL leukaemia maintenance and targeted therapy. Nature, 455, 1205–1209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paladino, B. 2013. Corporate Performance Management Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anastasiadis, K. 2013. Principles of Miniaturized ExtraCorporeal Circulation: From Science and Technology to Clinical Practice. Antonitsis, P. & Argiriadou, H. (eds). Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Melián-Batista, B., Moreno-Vega, J.M., Vaswani, N. & Yumar, R. 2009. A Nature Inspired Approach for the Uncapacitated Plant Cycle Location Problem. In: Krasnogor, N., Melián-Batista, M. B., Pérez, J. A. M., Moreno-Vega, J. M. & Pelta, D. A. (eds) Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NICSO 2008). Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Studies in Computational Intelligence, 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. Ancient Giant Flightless Goose Likely Used Its Wings To Batter Opponents Instead. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Surface Transportation: Efforts to Address Highway Congestion through Real-Time Traffic Information Systems Are Expanding but Face Implementation Challenges. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-10-121R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez, E. 2009. Keys to My Home: A Grant Proposal Project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2017. The Boy’s Rescued. He Isn’t Free. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michelson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Michelson 2008; Lee & Gupta 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Gupta 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
AbbreviationGeochem. Explor. Environ. Analy.
ISSN (print)1467-7873
ISSN (online)2041-4943
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science

Other styles