How to format your references using the Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernath, P.F. 2009. Chemistry. Extracting potentials from spectra. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 1526–1527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cotner, J.B. and Hall, E.K. 2011. Comment on ‘A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus’. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T.W., Spiller, D.A. and Losos, J.B. 2001. Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations. Nature, 412, 183–186.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
DeNicola, G.M., Karreth, F.A., et al. 2011. Oncogene-induced Nrf2 transcription promotes ROS detoxification and tumorigenesis. Nature, 475, 106–109.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
French, B.A. 2016. Chronicles Through the Centuries.
An edited book
Hassanien, A.E., Tolba, M.F. and Taher Azar, A. (eds). 2014. Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, AMLTA 2014, Cairo, Egypt, November 28-30, 2014. Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science.
A chapter in an edited book
Dittrich, P. 2011. Organization Oriented Chemical Computing. In: Gheorghe, M., Hinze, T., Păun, G., Rozenberg, G. and Salomaa, A. (eds) Membrane Computing: 11th International Conference, CMC 2010, Jena, Germany, August 24-27, 2010. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 18–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Following Nemo: Marine Life Is Heading South. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Progress Made at Department of Labor, But Key Systems at Risk. T-AIMD-98-303.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, J. 2017. Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crair, B. 2016. Where Mark Twain Found Inspiration. New York Times, TR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernath 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bernath 2009; Cotner and Hall 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cotner and Hall 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (DeNicola et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
AbbreviationGeochem. Explor. Environ. Analy.
ISSN (print)1467-7873
ISSN (online)2041-4943
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science

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