How to format your references using the Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E. 2015. Textiles: Fabrics of life. Nature, 519, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allmann, B.P. and Shearer, P.M. 2007. A high-frequency secondary event during the 2004 Parkfield earthquake. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318, 1279–1283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shipley, B., Vile, D. and Garnier, E. 2006. From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314, 812–814.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zheng, S., Carpenter, J.S., McCabe, R.J., Beyerlein, I.J. and Mara, N.A. 2014. Engineering interface structures and thermal stabilities via SPD processing in bulk nanostructured metals. Scientific reports, 4, 4226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gardner, S. and Birley, S. 2010. Blogging for Dummies®.
An edited book
Jones, M. and Stenseke, M. (eds). 2011. The European Landscape Convention: Challenges of Participation. Landscape Series.
A chapter in an edited book
Koppe, R., Häusler, S., Poppen, F. and Hahn, A. 2010. Process Model Based Methodology for Impact Analysis of New Design Methods. In: Heisig, P., Clarkson, P. J. and Vajna, S. (eds) Modelling and Management of Engineering Processes. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. New Material Could Be Both A Solar Cell And Display Screen. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation Security Programs, but More Work Remains. GAO-08-1024T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weygandt, A. 2017. Extension of Elementary Functions to Zeon Algebras. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. 2017. Patinkin Bows Out Of ‘Comet’. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Allmann and Shearer 2007; Dolgin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allmann and Shearer 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
AbbreviationGeochem. Explor. Environ. Analy.
ISSN (print)1467-7873
ISSN (online)2041-4943
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science

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