How to format your references using the Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, S. 2015. PALEONTOLOGY. Four legs too many? Science (New York, N.Y.), 349, 374–375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrizosa, E. & Mempel, T.R. 2015. Immunology: In the right place at the right time. Nature, 528, 205–206.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brunton, B.W., Botvinick, M.M. & Brody, C.D. 2013. Rats and humans can optimally accumulate evidence for decision-making. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340, 95–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cissé, M., Halabisky, B., et al. 2011. Reversing EphB2 depletion rescues cognitive functions in Alzheimer model. Nature, 469, 47–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cowan, J.P. 2016. The Effects of Sound on People. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Borisyuk, A. 2005. Tutorials in Mathematical Biosciences I: Mathematical Neuroscience. Friedman, A., Ermentrout, B. & Terman, D. (eds). Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Mathematical Biosciences.
A chapter in an edited book
LeBlanc, S.A. 2014. Warfare and Human Nature. In: Shackelford, T. K. & Hansen, R. D. (eds) The Evolution of Violence. New York, NY, Springer, 73–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. Why Running Could Keep You Awake At Night. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Commercial Space Launch Act: Preliminary Information on Issues to Consider for Reauthorization. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-12-767T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanulabe Din, M.O. 2017. Engineered Synchrony of Bacterial Lysis and Its Applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Miners’ Hunger Strike. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Carrizosa & Mempel 2015; Evans 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carrizosa & Mempel 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Cissé et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
AbbreviationGeochem. Explor. Environ. Analy.
ISSN (print)1467-7873
ISSN (online)2041-4943
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science

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