How to format your references using the Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Broek, P. 2010. Using texts in science education: cognitive processes and knowledge representation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328, 453–456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalcheim, C. and Rohrer, H. 2014. Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345, 32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bilham, R., Gaur, V.K. and Molnar, P. 2001. Earthquakes. Himalayan seismic hazard. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293, 1442–1444.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schenk, P.M., McKinnon, W.B., Gwynn, D. and Moore, J.M. 2001. Flooding of Ganymede’s bright terrains by low-viscosity water-ice lavas. Nature, 410, 57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Malah, K.I.M. 2016. Aspen Plus®.
An edited book
Pritchard-Jones, K. and Dome, J.S. (eds). 2014. Renal Tumors of Childhood: Biology and Therapy. Pediatric Oncology.
A chapter in an edited book
Kautzner, J. and Wichterle, D. 2007. Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter: Who and When? In: Gulizia, M. M. (ed.) Current News in Cardiology: Proceedings of the Mediterranean Cardiology Meeting (Taormina, May 20–22, 2007). 23–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. Top Military Generals Warn That Climate Change Will Create A Major Refugee Crisis. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Department of Transportation: Issues Related to Transportation Funding. T-RCED-95-83.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan-atichat, T.P. 2008. Behavior of VNC in High-Latency Environments and Techniques for Improvement. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. 2017. Invisibly Black. New York Times, BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Broek 2010).
This sentence cites two references (van den Broek 2010; Kalcheim and Rohrer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalcheim and Rohrer 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Schenk et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
AbbreviationGeochem. Explor. Environ. Analy.
ISSN (print)1467-7873
ISSN (online)2041-4943
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science

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