How to format your references using the Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clery, D. 2015. Space physics. LISA Pathfinder tests spacetime sensor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350, 894–895.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tani, K. & Stoltz, B.M. 2006. Synthesis and structural analysis of 2-quinuclidonium tetrafluoroborate. Nature, 441, 731–734.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goebel, T., Waters, M.R. & Dikova, M. 2003. The archaeology of Ushki Lake, Kamchatka, and the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301, 501–505.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chambers, J.Q., Higuchi, N., Tribuzy, E.S. & Trumbore, S.E. 2001. Carbon sink for a century. Nature, 410, 429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walke, B., Seidenberg, R. & Althoff, M.P. 2005. UMTS. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gray, T. & Silver-Pacuilla, H. (eds). 2011. Breakthrough Teaching and Learning: How Educational and Assistive Technologies Are Driving Innovation. New York, NY, Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Walenstein, A., Deshotels, L. & Lakhotia, A. 2012. Program Structure-Based Feature Selection for Android Malware Analysis. In: Schmidt, A. U., Russello, G., Krontiris, I. & Lian, S. (eds) Security and Privacy in Mobile Information and Communication Systems: 4th International Conference, MobiSec 2012, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany, June 25-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, 51–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. How Much Radiation Is Given Off By Your Household Items? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. Controls Over Funds Available to the District of Columbia Public Schools. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, B-118638.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock, C. 2012. Design Science Research toward Designing/Prototyping a Repeatable Model for Testing Location Management (LM) Algorithms for Wireless Networking. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland, R. & Kanter, J. 2016. Turkey and E.U. Near Breaking Point in Talks on Membership. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clery 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Tani & Stoltz 2006; Clery 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tani & Stoltz 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chambers et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
AbbreviationGeochem. Explor. Environ. Analy.
ISSN (print)1467-7873
ISSN (online)2041-4943
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Geochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science

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