How to format your references using the Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp M. Science in culture. Nature 2002;420:364.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolf ET, Toon OB. Fractal organic hazes provided an ultraviolet shield for early Earth. Science 2010;328:1266–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu Z, Klem AM, Ramu Y. Ion conduction pore is conserved among potassium channels. Nature 2001;413:809–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wilson SI, Rydström A, Trimborn T, Willert K, Nusse R, Jessell TM, et al. The status of Wnt signalling regulates neural and epidermal fates in the chick embryo. Nature 2001;411:325–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, American Industrial Hygiene Association. Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Krishnan SPT. Building Your Next Big Thing with Google Cloud Platform: A Guide for Developers and Enterprise Architects. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Stadtmüller S, Cardoso J, Junghans M. Service Semantics. In: Cardoso J, Fromm H, Nickel S, Satzger G, Studer R, Weinhardt C, editors. Fundamentals of Service Systems, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 137–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Davis J. Researchers Create A Computer That Works Using Water. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Safeguarding Taxpayer Information: An Evaluation of the Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hood EP. Male teacher perspective on the recruitment of male elementary teachers: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Ruling Helps Prosecutors In Death Penalty Cases. New York Times 2007:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
AbbreviationGenomics Proteomics Bioinformatics
ISSN (print)1672-0229
Molecular Biology
Computational Mathematics

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