How to format your references using the Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Scholze M. Earth network. Nature 2007;447:228.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Brochier C, Philippe H. Phylogeny: a non-hyperthermophilic ancestor for bacteria. Nature 2002;417:244.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Penmatsa A, Wang KH, Gouaux E. X-ray structure of dopamine transporter elucidates antidepressant mechanism. Nature 2013;503:85–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Willingham AT, Orth AP, Batalov S, Peters EC, Wen BG, Aza-Blanc P, et al. A strategy for probing the function of noncoding RNAs finds a repressor of NFAT. Science 2005;309:1570–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wood T, Anderson M, Analytics F. The Commercial Real Estate Tsunami. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Canova F, Poletto L, editors. Optical Technologies for Extreme-Ultraviolet and Soft X-ray Coherent Sources. vol. 197. 1st ed. 2015. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jiang G, Diao L, Kuang K. Development of Advanced Thermal Management Materials. In: Diao L, Kuang K, editors. Advanced Thermal Management Materials, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 45–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Boxes For Owls Help Overcome Middle East Divisions. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/boxes-for-owls-help-overcome-middle-east-divisions/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: 1991 Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Douglas L. Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Collins, Nearing a Mets Milestone, Is Still Enjoying the Journey. New York Times 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics
AbbreviationGenomics Proteomics Bioinformatics
ISSN (print)1672-0229
ScopeBiochemistry
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Computational Mathematics

Other styles