How to format your references using the Genomics & Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genomics & Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sawyers C. Targeted cancer therapy. Nature 2004; 432:294–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bolhuis JJ, Wynne CDL. Can evolution explain how minds work? Nature 2009; 458:832–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stern P, Hines PJ, Travis J. The aging brain. Introduction. Science 2014; 346:566–567.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Sudou H, Iguchi S, Murata Y, Taniguchi Y. Orbital motion in the radio galaxy 3C 66B: evidence for a supermassive black hole binary. Science 2003; 300:1263–1265.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown C. Fibonacci Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Proulx T, editor. Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 6: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Mukherjee AB, Bhattacharya P, Sarkar A, Zevenhoven R. Mercury emissions from industrial sources in India and its effects in the environment. In: Mercury Fate and Transport in the Global Atmosphere: Emissions, Measurements and Models. Mason R, Pirrone N (editors). . Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. pp. 81–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genomics & Informatics.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Drove The Evolution Of Male Sharks’ Genitals? IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Transit: FTA’s Process for Overseeing Compliance with Federal Civil Rights Requirements Incorporates Key Federal Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benson MK. Joint -service integration: An organizational culture study of the United States Department of Defense voluntary education system. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Montague J. Caution: Team Under Construction. New York Times. 2017; :D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenomics & Informatics
ISSN (print)1598-866X
ISSN (online)2234-0742

Other styles