How to format your references using the Genes & Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Isaacs JT (2013) Cancer. Prostate cancer takes nerve. Science 341:134–135
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenamyre JT, Hastings TG (2004) Biomedicine. Parkinson’s--divergent causes, convergent mechanisms. Science 304:1120–1122
A journal article with 3 authors
Morris M, Uchida K, Do T (2006) A magnetic torsional wave near the Galactic Centre traced by a “double helix” nebula. Nature 440:308–310
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Frazão C, McVey CE, Amblar M, et al (2006) Unravelling the dynamics of RNA degradation by ribonuclease II and its RNA-bound complex. Nature 443:110–114

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian MN (2013) Plastics Additives and Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Roth R, Frost EAM, Gevirtz C, Atcheson CLH (eds) (2015) The Role of Anesthesiology in Global Health: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gustafsson B, Teodorescu R, Vasil’ev A (2014) Geometric Properties. In: Teodorescu R, Vasil’ev A (eds) Classical and Stochastic Laplacian Growth. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 127–162

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Folding Graphene Like Origami May Allow Us To Wear Sensors In Our Skin. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) International Space Station: Measurable Performance Targets and Documentation Needed to Better Assess Management of National Laboratory. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zometa E (2017) Imaging Service Consultations: Imaging Express. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Yee V (2017) ‘Dreamers’ to Stay in U.S. for Now, but Their Long-Term Fate Is Unclear. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Isaacs 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Greenamyre and Hastings 2004; Isaacs 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenamyre and Hastings 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Frazão et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Nutrition
AbbreviationGenes Nutr.
ISSN (print)1555-8932
ISSN (online)1865-3499
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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