How to format your references using the Genes & Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu X (2015) The rewards of roughing it. Science 350:350
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellwood P, White P (2005) Domesticated pigs in eastern Indonesia. Science 309:381; author reply 381
A journal article with 3 authors
McLeod P, Reed N, Dienes Z (2003) Psychophysics: how fielders arrive in time to catch the ball. Nature 426:244–245
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Morth JP, Pedersen BP, Toustrup-Jensen MS, et al (2007) Crystal structure of the sodium-potassium pump. Nature 450:1043–1049

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sierra MA, de la Torre MC, Cossío FP (2013) More Dead Ends and Detours. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Rowley JD, Le Beau MM, Rabbitts TH (eds) (2015) Chromosomal Translocations and Genome Rearrangements in Cancer, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Van Grembergen W, De Haes S (2009) The IT Balanced Scorecard as a Framework for Enterprise Governance of IT. In: Van Grembergen W (ed) Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Strategic Alignment and Value. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 111–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Paraplegic In “Ironman Suit” Will Take The First Kick In The 2014 World Cup. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Voice of America: Management Actions Needed to Adjust to a Changing Environment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blandin NM (2008) Re-conceptualizing leadership for an era of complexity and uncertainty: A case study of leadership in a complex adaptive system. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside K (2017) Rare Double for a Noted Owner. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lu 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bellwood and White 2005; Lu 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bellwood and White 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Morth et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Nutrition
AbbreviationGenes Nutr.
ISSN (print)1555-8932
ISSN (online)1865-3499
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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