How to format your references using the Genes & Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford H (2008) Beyond the Triangle. Nature 452:908–909
A journal article with 2 authors
Baker MB, Peter T (2008) Small-scale cloud processes and climate. Nature 451:299–300
A journal article with 3 authors
Tewksbury JJ, Huey RB, Deutsch CA (2008) Ecology. Putting the heat on tropical animals. Science 320:1296–1297
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu Q, Rand TA, Kalidas S, et al (2003) R2D2, a bridge between the initiation and effector steps of the Drosophila RNAi pathway. Science 301:1921–1925

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sinzinger S, Jahns J (2005) Microoptics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Perez-Ruiz F (2014) Managing Gout in Primary Care. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley
A chapter in an edited book
Thakker D, Dimitrova V, Lau L, et al (2014) Making Sense of Linked Data: A Semantic Exploration Approach. In: Karacapilidis N (ed) Mastering Data-Intensive Collaboration and Decision Making: Research and practical applications in the Dicode project. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) Study Suggests Women Are Bisexual Or Gay, But Almost Never Straight. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Unemployment Insurance Information Technology: States Face Challenges in Modernization Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi T (2010) Understanding gold nanoisland formation using transport measurement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2010) Cities in Debt Turn to States, Adding Strain. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Baker and Peter 2008; Ledford 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baker and Peter 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Nutrition
AbbreviationGenes Nutr.
ISSN (print)1555-8932
ISSN (online)1865-3499
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles