How to format your references using the Genes & Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bryant VM (2003) Archaeology. Invisible clues to New World plant domestication. Science 299:1029–1030
A journal article with 2 authors
Crickmore MA, Mann RS (2006) Hox control of organ size by regulation of morphogen production and mobility. Science 313:63–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu T, Werner H-J, Manthe U (2004) First-principles theory for the H + CH4 --> H2 + CH3 reaction. Science 306:2227–2229
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim H, Park K-Y, Hong J, Kang K (2014) All-graphene-battery: bridging the gap between supercapacitors and lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 4:5278

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biswas S, Ray P, Chakrabarti BK (2015) Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Chenneville T (ed) (2016) A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chiarugi F, Colantonio S, Emmanouilidou D, et al (2008) Biomedical Signal and Image Processing for Decision Support in Heart Failure. In: Perner P, Salvetti O (eds) Advances in Mass Data Analysis of Images and Signals in Medicine, Biotechnology, Chemistry and Food Industry: Third International Conference, MDA 2008 Leipzig, Germany, July 14, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 38–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Genomics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) These 3D-Printing Spider Robots Could Be The Future Of Construction. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Financial Management Systems: OMB’s Financial Management Line of Business Initiative Continues but Future Success Remains Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham C (2017) How Are Nonresident African American Fathers Involved in Their Children’s Academic Success? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic B, Chapman MM (2015) U.A.W. Plans to Re-engage Fiat Chrysler. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bryant 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bryant 2003; Crickmore and Mann 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crickmore and Mann 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Genomics
AbbreviationGenes Genomics
ISSN (print)1976-9571
ISSN (online)2092-9293
Molecular Biology

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