How to format your references using the Genes & Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe D (2011) Agriculture: Beyond food versus fuel. Nature 474:S6-8
A journal article with 2 authors
Hamilton DP, Krüger H (2008) The sculpting of Jupiter’s gossamer rings by its shadow. Nature 453:72–75
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambardella A, Prezioso M, Cavallini M (2014) Tunnel conductivity switching in a single nanoparticle-based nano floating gate memory. Sci Rep 4:4196
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gange AC, Gange EG, Sparks TH, Boddy L (2007) Rapid and recent changes in fungal fruiting patterns. Science 316:71

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banerjee S, Lawrence V (2010) Managing Dementia in a Multicultural Society. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Venkataraman K, Raghunathan C, Sivaperuman C (eds) (2012) Ecology of Faunal Communities on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kang SG, Choi SH (2013) The Multi-Stage Multi-Level Decision-Making Model. In: Choi SH (ed) Multi-Agent Based Beam Search for Real-Time Production Scheduling and Control: Method, Software and Industrial Application. Springer, London, pp 23–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) How To Feed a Two-Headed Snake. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaVertu DJ (2017) An Exploratory Approach to In-Trinity® for Fall Prevention. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M (2017) September’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times RE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hamilton and Krüger 2008; Graham-Rowe 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hamilton and Krüger 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gange et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Genomics
AbbreviationGenes Genomics
ISSN (print)1976-9571
ISSN (online)2092-9293
Molecular Biology

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