How to format your references using the Genes & Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lubensky TC (2000) LIQUID CRYSTALS: New Banana Phases. Science 288:2146–2147
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown JW, Braver TS (2005) Learned predictions of error likelihood in the anterior cingulate cortex. Science 307:1118–1121
A journal article with 3 authors
Pauly D, Hilborn R, Branch TA (2013) Fisheries: Does catch reflect abundance? Nature 494:303–306
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang F, Podell ER, Zaug AJ, et al (2007) The POT1-TPP1 telomere complex is a telomerase processivity factor. Nature 445:506–510

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thatcher A (2011) God, Sex, and Gender. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Bettany A (2015) Windows File System Troubleshooting. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Amato F, Mazzeo A, Penta A, Picariello A (2008) Knowledge Representation and Management for E-Government Documents. In: Mazzeo A, Bellini R, Motta G (eds) E-Government Ict Professionalism and Competences Service Science. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Genomics.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) China’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Could Peak Within 10 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2010 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela MA (2017) Pitties for the Kiddies: An Animal-Assisted Therapy Program. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2016) R. L. Stine to Write Comic Books for Marvel. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lubensky 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lubensky 2000; Brown and Braver 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Braver 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Genomics
AbbreviationGenes Genomics
ISSN (print)1976-9571
ISSN (online)2092-9293
Molecular Biology

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