How to format your references using the Genes & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dustin ML. 2006. Immunology. When F-actin becomes too much of a good thing. Science 313: 767–768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oka T, McCall BJ. 2011. Astronomy. Disclosing identities in diffuse interstellar bands. Science 331: 293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fehr E, Bernhard H, Rockenbach B. 2008. Egalitarianism in young children. Nature 454: 1079–1083.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu F, Marquardt S, Lister C, Swiezewski S, Dean C. 2010. Targeted 3’ processing of antisense transcripts triggers Arabidopsis FLC chromatin silencing. Science 327: 94–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartoszyǹski R, Niewiadomska-Bugaj M. 2007. Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Marburg S, Nolte B, eds. 2008. Computational Acoustics of Noise Propagation in Fluids - Finite and Boundary Element Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Walber T, Scherp A, Staab S. 2013. Can You See It? Two Novel Eye-Tracking-Based Measures for Assigning Tags to Image Regions. In Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 19th International Conference, MMM 2013, Huangshan, China, January 7-9, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (eds. S. Li, A.E. Saddik, M. Wang, T. Mei, N. Sebe, S. Yan, R. Hong, and C. Gurrin), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 36–46, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Development.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Astronomers Spot Millions Of Stars Forming In Small Nearby Galaxy. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Inspectors General: Information on Resources and Selected Accomplishments of Five Inspectors Generals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gage JD. 2009. An inconsistency-based approach for sensing assessment in unknown environments. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ramirez A. 2008. A Fitting Farewell to a Literate and Offbeat Character. New York Times, March 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dustin 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Dustin 2006; Oka and McCall 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oka and McCall 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Development
AbbreviationGenes Dev.
ISSN (print)0890-9369
ISSN (online)1549-5477
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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