How to format your references using the Genes & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burkard G. 2010. Physics. Splitting spin states on a chip. Science 327: 650–651.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymond J, Segrè D. 2006. The effect of oxygen on biochemical networks and the evolution of complex life. Science 311: 1764–1767.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang CY, Ayliffe MA, Timmis JN. 2003. Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus. Nature 422: 72–76.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wood AJ, Lo T-W, Zeitler B, Pickle CS, Ralston EJ, Lee AH, Amora R, Miller JC, Leung E, Meng X, et al. 2011. Targeted genome editing across species using ZFNs and TALENs. Science 333: 307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raghavan V. 2016. Combustion Technology. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nesi P, Santucci R, eds. 2013. Information Technologies for Performing Arts, Media Access, and Entertainment: Second International Conference, ECLAP 2013, Porto, Portugal, April 8-10, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharya N. 2016. Intraamniotic Antigen and Disruption of Human Fetal Growth: A Study from 1978–2002 with Subsequent Follow Up. In Human Fetal Growth and Development: First and Second Trimesters (eds. N. Bhattacharya and P.G. Stubblefield), pp. 19–48, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Development.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Quitting Smoking Reverses Dopamine Deficits In The Brain. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Information Regarding the Effect of Applying the Representative Tax System to the General Revenue Sharing, Medicaid, and Vocational Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meghani HP. 2017. Med-Equip Solutions LLC: A wheelchair distributor company business plan. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J. 2017. European Court Is Urged to Punish Hungary and Slovakia Over Refugees. New York Times, July 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burkard 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Burkard 2010; Raymond and Segrè 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymond and Segrè 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Development
AbbreviationGenes Dev.
ISSN (print)0890-9369
ISSN (online)1549-5477
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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