How to format your references using the Genes & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. 2014. Culture: Artistic alchemy. Nature 512: 26–27.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simons K, Featherstone C. 2000. EUROPEAN POLICY: Science in Europe. Science 290: 1099–1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fearon DT, Manders P, Wagner SD. 2001. Arrested differentiation, the self-renewing memory lymphocyte, and vaccination. Science 293: 248–250.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Beaufort L, Probert I, de Garidel-Thoron T, Bendif EM, Ruiz-Pino D, Metzl N, Goyet C, Buchet N, Coupel P, Grelaud M, et al. 2011. Sensitivity of coccolithophores to carbonate chemistry and ocean acidification. Nature 476: 80–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building. 2016. Code of Practice for Programme Management in the Built Environment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Thomsen HS, ed. 2006. Contrast Media: Safety Issues and ESUR Guidelines. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo Y, Tan B. 2014. Microporous Organic Polymers for Carbon Dioxide Capture. In Porous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture (eds. A.-H. Lu and S. Dai), Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology, pp. 143–180, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Development.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Twin Stars Hosting Two Jupiter-Sized Exoplanets Discovered. IFLScience. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Revisions to OMB’s Circular A-130. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore DL. 2012. The Challenge Program: A quantitative analysis of strategies designed to eliminate the achievement gap. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2006. With a Push, Schools Win On Budgets. New York Times, May 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ball 2014; Simons and Featherstone 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simons and Featherstone 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Beaufort et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Development
AbbreviationGenes Dev.
ISSN (print)0890-9369
ISSN (online)1549-5477
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

Other styles