How to format your references using the Genes & Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rhodes G. The career I dreamed of? Science. 2014; 345: 1414.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Karplus PA, Diederichs K. Linking crystallographic model and data quality. Science. 2012; 336: 1030–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Morales R, Di Matteo T, Aste T. Dependency structure and scaling properties of financial time series are related. Sci Rep. 2014; 4: 4589.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
1.
Palchykov V, Mitrović M, Jo H-H, Saramäki J, Pan RK. Inferring human mobility using communication patterns. Sci Rep. 2014; 4: 6174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kaplan W. Maxima and Minima with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
1.
Manolopoulos Y, Filipe J, Constantopoulos P, Cordeiro J, editors. Enterprise Information Systems: 8th International Conference, ICEIS 2006, Paphos, Cyprus, May 23-27, 2006 , Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XV, 466 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jahan S, Sakidin H, Nazar R. Simultaneous Effects of Soret and Dufour on the Unsteady Stagnation Point Flow of Micropolar Fluid Towards a Permeable Stretching Sheet. In: Kılıçman A, Srivastava HM, Mursaleen M, Abdul Majid Z, editors. Recent Advances in Mathematical Sciences: Selected Papers from ICREM7 2015. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Watch What Happens When You Add Dye To A Floating Ball Of Water On The ISS [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available 2018 Oct 30, from https://www.iflscience.com/space/4k-footage-astronauts-having-fun-micro-gravity/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. OFPP Followup to Federal Supply Schedule Recommendations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jan. Report No.: GAO-03-399R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Colna KE. Latitudinal Position and Trends of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and its Relationship with Upwelling in the Southern Caribbean Sea and Global Climate Indices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Koblin J. Trump’s Address Attracts 48 Million Viewers. New York Times. 2017; : B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Cancer
AbbreviationGenes Cancer
ISSN (online)1947-6027
ScopeCancer Research
Genetics

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