How to format your references using the Genes & Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Thinking big. Nature. 2004; 428: 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tanaka KD, Ueda K. Horsfield’s hawk-cuckoo nestlings simulate multiple gapes for begging. Science. 2005; 308: 653.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Barsh GS, Farooqi IS, O’Rahilly S. Genetics of body-weight regulation. Nature. 2000; 404: 644–51.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
1.
Gittins DI, Bethell D, Schiffrin DJ, Nichols RJ. A nanometre-scale electronic switch consisting of a metal cluster and redox-addressable groups. Nature. 2000; 408: 67–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dickeson RC. Prioritizing Academic Programs and Services. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Lipton AM. The Common Sense Guide to Dementia For Clinicians and Caregivers. Marshall CD, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XXI, 206 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jiang Y, Li C, Gabrielson J. Qualification of Biophysical Methods for the Analysis of Protein Therapeutics. In: Narhi LO, editor. Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 99–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Bizarre Cloud Formations Spotted Above British Columbia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available 2018 Oct 30, from https://www.iflscience.com/environment/strange-cloud-formations/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Practitioner Data Bank: Major Improvements Are Needed to Enhance Data Bank’s Reliability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Nov. Report No.: GAO-01-130.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Li X. Graph-based learning for information systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Nielsen, Highlighting Value of Data, Is Buying Gracenote for $560 Million. New York Times. 2016; : B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Cancer
AbbreviationGenes Cancer
ISSN (online)1947-6027
ScopeCancer Research
Genetics

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