How to format your references using the Genes & Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes & Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Silk JB. Social components of fitness in primate groups. Science. 2007; 317: 1347–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fox RC, Scott CS. First evidence of a venom delivery apparatus in extinct mammals. Nature. 2005; 435: 1091–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tran J, Brenner TJ, DiNardo S. Somatic control over the germline stem cell lineage during Drosophila spermatogenesis. Nature. 2000; 407: 754–7.
A journal article with 14 or more authors
1.
Qi H, Egen JG, Huang AYC, Germain RN. Extrafollicular activation of lymph node B cells by antigen-bearing dendritic cells. Science. 2006; 312: 1672–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Strachman D, Bookbinder R. Fund of Funds Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Konsorski-Lang S, Hampe M, editors. The Design of Material, Organism, and Minds: Different Understandings of Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XV, 300 p. 100 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chiang C-C, Bayrak C. Concurrency and Time in Role-Based Access Control. In: Park JH, Zhan J, Lee C, Wang G, Kim T-H, Yeo S-S, editors. Advances in Information Security and Its Application: Third International Conference, ISA 2009, Seoul, Korea, June 25-27, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 37–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes & Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Chief of Copenhagen Zoo Speaks Out About Giraffe Controversy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available 2018 Oct 30, from https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chief-copenhagen-zoo-speaks-out-about-giraffe-controversy/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Passenger Screening: Transportation Security Administration Needs to Improve Complaint Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Nov. Report No.: GAO-13-186T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tovar B. A drug and alcohol education and prevention program for Hispanic families: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Johnson G. Scientists Ponder Contagious Cancer. New York Times. 2016; : D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes & Cancer
AbbreviationGenes Cancer
ISSN (online)1947-6027
ScopeCancer Research
Genetics

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