How to format your references using the Gender, Place & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender, Place & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zweibel, Ken. 2010. “Engineering. The Impact of Tellurium Supply on Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5979): 699–701.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jarosz, Daniel F., and Susan Lindquist. 2010. “Hsp90 and Environmental Stress Transform the Adaptive Value of Natural Genetic Variation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6012): 1820–1824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davé, Utpal P., Nancy A. Jenkins, and Neal G. Copeland. 2004. “Gene Therapy Insertional Mutagenesis Insights.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5656): 333.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chodavarapu, Ramakrishna K., Suhua Feng, Yana V. Bernatavichute, Pao-Yang Chen, Hume Stroud, Yanchun Yu, Jonathan A. Hetzel, et al. 2010. “Relationship between Nucleosome Positioning and DNA Methylation.” Nature 466 (7304): 388–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 2007. Guidelines for Performing Effective Pre-Startup Safety Reviews. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hayat, M. A., ed. 2009. Colorectal Cancer. Vol. 4. Methods of Cancer Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prognosis. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Terwijn, Sebastiaan A. 2010. “Intuitionistic Logic and Computability Theory.” In Logic, Language, Information and Computation: 17th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2010, Brasilia, Brazil, July 6-9, 2010. Proceedings, edited by Anuj Dawar and Ruy de Queiroz, 55–57. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender, Place & Culture.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Injected Nanoparticles Could Stop Internal Bleeding.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Pilot Initiative Showed Promise, but the Program’s Future Success Is Uncertain. GAO-06-916. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Helgoe, Catherine A. 2008. “The Impact of Federal Policy on Teachers’ Use of Science Manipulatives: A Survey of Teacher Philosophy and Practices.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2017. “Big Ideas and Short-Term Stays.” New York Times, July 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zweibel 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Zweibel 2010; Jarosz and Lindquist 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jarosz and Lindquist 2010)
  • Three authors: (Davé, Jenkins, and Copeland 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chodavarapu et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender, Place & Culture
AbbreviationGend. Place Cult.
ISSN (print)0966-369X
ISSN (online)1360-0524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies
Gender Studies

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