How to format your references using the Gender, Place & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender, Place & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, Rex. 2003. “Legal Row Looms for Gene-Map Firm.” Nature 423 (6939): 470.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lambert, J. David, and Lisa M. Nagy. 2002. “Asymmetric Inheritance of Centrosomally Localized MRNAs during Embryonic Cleavages.” Nature 420 (6916): 682–686.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruskotter, Jeremy T., Sherry A. Enzler, and Adrian Treves. 2011. “Science and Law. Rescuing Wolves from Politics: Wildlife as a Public Trust Resource.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6051): 1828–1829.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Johnsen, A., V. Andersen, C. Sunding, and J. T. Lifjeld. 2000. “Female Bluethroats Enhance Offspring Immunocompetence through Extra-Pair Copulations.” Nature 406 (6793): 296–299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Bu-Chin. 2008. Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bunt, Harry, John Carroll, and Giorgio Satta, eds. 2005. New Developments in Parsing Technology. Vol. 23. Text, Speech and Language Technology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Adusumilli, Saroja, and Hero Hussain. 2010. “MRI Endorectal Coil.” In Bladder Cancer: Diagnosis, Therapeutics, and Management, edited by Cheryl T. Lee and David P. Wood, 41–47. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender, Place & Culture.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2015. “What Would Happen If Bees Went Extinct?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Intercollegiate Athletics: Status of Efforts to Promote Gender Equity. HEHS-97-10. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keep, Andrew W. 2013. “A Nanopass Framework for Commercial Compiler Development.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “Film Series.” New York Times, February 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2003; Lambert and Nagy 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lambert and Nagy 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bruskotter, Enzler, and Treves 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Johnsen et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender, Place & Culture
AbbreviationGend. Place Cult.
ISSN (print)0966-369X
ISSN (online)1360-0524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies
Gender Studies

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