How to format your references using the Gender, Place & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender, Place & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonough, William F. 2011. “Geochemistry. Meteoritic Clues Point Chromium toward Earth’s Core.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6023): 1397–1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Radtke, Freddy, and Hans Clevers. 2005. “Self-Renewal and Cancer of the Gut: Two Sides of a Coin.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5717): 1904–1909.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, L. J., A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu. 2000. “Gain-Assisted Superluminal Light Propagation.” Nature 406 (6793): 277–279.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, Zhenfeng, Hanchi Yan, Kebin Wang, Tingyun Kuang, Jiping Zhang, Lulu Gui, Xiaomin An, and Wenrui Chang. 2004. “Crystal Structure of Spinach Major Light-Harvesting Complex at 2.72 A Resolution.” Nature 428 (6980): 287–292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheringer, Martin. 2002. Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dam, Koen H. van, Igor Nikolic, and Zofia Lukszo, eds. 2013. Agent-Based Modelling of Socio-Technical Systems. Vol. 9. Agent-Based Social Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lippitt, Christopher D., Douglas A. Stow, Sory Toure, and Milo Vejraska. 2013. “Delineation and Classification of Urban Neighborhoods of Accra, Ghana, from Quickbird Imagery: Manual vs. Semi-Automated Approaches.” In Spatial Inequalities: Health, Poverty, and Place in Accra, Ghana, edited by John R. Weeks, Allan G. Hill, and Justin Stoler, 57–71. GeoJournal Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender, Place & Culture.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “Code-A-Cola: How To Hide Secret Messages Using Fizzy Drinks.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Problems And Progress Of The U.S. Army Materiel Command’s Automated Data Processing Service Center Concept. B-178806. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zolfaghari, Sara S. 2015. “The Relationship between Folic Acid, Vitamin B12, and Vitamin B6 Intakes and Depression in Women Who Use Hormonal Oral Contraceptives.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “Claude Brown’s Harlem, Still on the Mind.” New York Times, February 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDonough 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McDonough 2011; Radtke and Clevers 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Radtke and Clevers 2005)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Kuzmich, and Dogariu 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender, Place & Culture
AbbreviationGend. Place Cult.
ISSN (print)0966-369X
ISSN (online)1360-0524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies
Gender Studies

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