How to format your references using the Gender, Place & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gender, Place & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Panksepp, Jaak. 2003. “Neuroscience. Feeling the Pain of Social Loss.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5643): 237–239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keith, David W., and Alexander E. Farrell. 2003. “Environmental Science. Rethinking Hydrogen Cars.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5631): 315–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carpi, Federico, Siegfried Bauer, and Danilo De Rossi. 2010. “Materials Science. Stretching Dielectric Elastomer Performance.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6012): 1759–1761.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vaquero, Alejandro, Michael Scher, Hediye Erdjument-Bromage, Paul Tempst, Lourdes Serrano, and Danny Reinberg. 2007. “SIRT1 Regulates the Histone Methyl-Transferase SUV39H1 during Heterochromatin Formation.” Nature 450 (7168): 440–444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, Jun, and Dacheng Tao. 2013. Modern Machine Learning Techniques and Their Applications in Cartoon Animation Research. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heer, Burkhard. 2009. Dynamic General Equilibrium Modeling. Edited by Alfred Maußner. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, Carol Yeh-Yun, Leif Edvinsson, Jeffrey Chen, and Tord Beding. 2013. “Future Perspectives and Policy Implications.” In National Intellectual Capital and the Financial Crisis in Brazil, Russia, India, China, Korea, and South Africa, edited by Leif Edvinsson, Jeffrey Chen, and Tord Beding, 71–91. SpringerBriefs in Economics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gender, Place & Culture.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “New Class Of Star Clusters Have A Weighty Problem.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Sports Arena. AIMD-95-209R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ekici, Tufan. 2006. “An Investigation of Credit Card Debt: The Effect of Price and Income Expectations and the Impact on Consumption.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 2014. “Tatiana Samoilova, 80, Soviet Movie Star.” New York Times, May 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Panksepp 2003; Keith and Farrell 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keith and Farrell 2003)
  • Three authors: (Carpi, Bauer, and De Rossi 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vaquero et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGender, Place & Culture
AbbreviationGend. Place Cult.
ISSN (print)0966-369X
ISSN (online)1360-0524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies
Gender Studies

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