How to format your references using the G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woollings, T., 2011 Atmospheric science. Ocean effects of blocking. Science 334: 612–613.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frohlich, M. W., and M. W. Chase, 2007 After a dozen years of progress the origin of angiosperms is still a great mystery. Nature 450: 1184–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Del Bene, F., K. Tessmar-Raible, and J. Wittbrodt, 2004 Direct interaction of geminin and Six3 in eye development. Nature 427: 745–749.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Tiberkevich, V. S., R. S. Khymyn, H. X. Tang, and A. N. Slavin, 2014 Sensitivity to external signals and synchronization properties of a non-isochronous auto-oscillator with delayed feedback. Sci. Rep. 4: 3873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen, S., S. Pedersen-Bjergaard, and K. Rasmussen, 2011 Introduction to Pharmaceutical Chemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Xu, Y., D. Xu, and J. Liang (Eds.), 2007 Computational Methods for Protein Structure Prediction and Modeling: Volume 2: Structure Prediction. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Hofmann, E., D. Maucher, S. Piesker, and P. Richter, 2011 Measures for Strengthening Internal Financing Power from a Corporate Viewpoint, pp. 21–53 in Ways Out of the Working Capital Trap: Empowering Self-Financing Growth Through Modern Supply Management, edited by D. Maucher, S. Piesker, and P. Richter. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017 Could Brain Scans and AI Reveal The Mindset Of A Suspected Criminal? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013 Preliminary Results of Work on FAA Facility Conditions and Workplace Safety: U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-13-509R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pikiewicz, K. A., 2012 I never knew I had expectations until I realized they weren’t going to come true: A grounded theory study of mothering a chronically ill child [Doctoral dissertation]: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Savodnik, P., 2013 If They Build It, Will The Kardashians Come? New York Times MM32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woollings 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Frohlich and Chase 2007; Woollings 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frohlich and Chase 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tiberkevich et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
AbbreviationG3 (Bethesda)
ISSN (online)2160-1836
Molecular Biology

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