How to format your references using the G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S., 2012 Psychodermatology: An emotional response. Nature 492: S62-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, D. A., and C. Baum, 2003 Medicine. Gene therapy--new challenges ahead. Science 302: 400–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, Y., W. Wang, and M. W. Kirschner, 2015 Specificity of the anaphase-promoting complex: a single-molecule study. Science 348: 1248737.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Mock, U., K. Riecken, B. Berdien, W. Qasim, E. Chan et al., 2014 Novel lentiviral vectors with mutated reverse transcriptase for mRNA delivery of TALE nucleases. Sci. Rep. 4: 6409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy, R., 2010 Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gabbay, D. M., and F. Guenthner (Eds.), 2011 Handbook of Philosophical Logic: Volume 16. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Rhee, C., S. Han, B. Choi, and J. Song, 2006 Scalable Overlay Multicast Architecture, pp. 31–36 in Frontiers of High Performance Computing and Networking – ISPA 2006 Workshops: ISPA 2006 International Workshops, FHPCN, XHPC, S-GRACE, GridGIS, HPC-GTP, PDCE, ParDMCom, WOMP, ISDF, and UPWN, Sorrento, Italy, December 4-7, 2006. Proceedings, edited by G. Min, B. D. Martino, L. T. Yang, M. Guo, and G. Rünger. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016 Scientists Have Developed A “Galactic” Position System. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004 HHS’s Efforts to Promote Health Information Technology and Legal Barriers to Its Adoption: U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-04-991R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, J. T., 2010 The relationship between technology support and extent of technology integration into college-level foreign language curricula [Doctoral dissertation]: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Martin, J., and A. Burns, 2016 G.O.P. Candidates Aiming to Escape Trump’s Shadow. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Williams and Baum 2003; DeWeerdt 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Baum 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mock et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
AbbreviationG3 (Bethesda)
ISSN (online)2160-1836
Molecular Biology

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