How to format your references using the G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, R., 2012 Why a macroeconomic perspective is critical to the prevention of noncommunicable disease. Science 337: 1501–1503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin, E. M., and A. Tall, 2000 Perspectives for vascular genomics. Nature 407: 265–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansens, A., E. van Duijn, and I. Braakman, 2002 Coordinated nonvectorial folding in a newly synthesized multidomain protein. Science 298: 2401–2403.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Johnston, D. T., B. A. Wing, J. Farquhar, A. J. Kaufman, H. Strauss et al., 2005 Active microbial sulfur disproportionation in the Mesoproterozoic. Science 310: 1477–1479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noyer, J.-M., 2016 Transformation of Collective Intelligences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Krum, S., 2013 Pro Puppet: The Definitive Guide to Selling Abroad Profitably (W. V. Hevelingen, B. Kero, J. Turnbull, & J. McCune, Eds.). Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ballmer, G., 2015 Pursued by Adrenalin, in Pursuit of Dopamine, pp. 41–48 in The Lives of Lepidopterists, edited by L. A. Dyer and M. L. Forister. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015 Baby Beluga Whale Born In Georgia Aquarium On Mother’s Day. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007 Motor Carrier Safety: The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Has Developed a Reasonable Framework for Managing and Testing Its Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010 Initiative: U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-08-242R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, L., 2009 Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants [Doctoral dissertation]: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S., 1996 Children’s Books;The Wonderful World of Dahl. New York Times 733.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Rubin and Tall 2000; Smith 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubin and Tall 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnston et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleG3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
AbbreviationG3 (Bethesda)
ISSN (online)2160-1836
Molecular Biology

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