How to format your references using the Functional & Integrative Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Functional & Integrative Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service RF (2000) NUCLEAR SCIENCE: DOE Drops Plan to Restart Reactor. Science 290:1666b–7b
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips GN, Evans KA (2004) Role of CO2 in the formation of gold deposits. Nature 429:860–863
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohr RP, Saavedra S, Bascompte J (2014) Ecological networks. On the structural stability of mutualistic systems. Science 345:1253497
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Imamizu H, Miyauchi S, Tamada T, et al (2000) Human cerebellar activity reflecting an acquired internal model of a new tool. Nature 403:192–195

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rombach G (2010) Spannbetonbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Gold LH, Vanderpool DL (eds) (2013) Clinical Guide to Mental Disability Evaluations. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Galbraith R, Clyman SG, Melnick DE (2011) Conceptual Perspectives: Emerging Changes in the Assessment Paradigm. In: Hafler JP (ed) Extraordinary Learning in the Workplace. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 87–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Functional & Integrative Genomics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Greenland Shark Takes Record As Oldest Vertebrate By Living Up To 400 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection Could Help FCC Better Monitor Competition in the Wireless Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Astorga J (2012) Mentoring program for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Cespedes Said to Accept Highest Salary in Mets History. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Service 2000; Phillips and Evans 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillips and Evans 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Imamizu et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFunctional & Integrative Genomics
AbbreviationFunct. Integr. Genomics
ISSN (print)1438-793X
ISSN (online)1438-7948
General Medicine

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