How to format your references using the Functional & Integrative Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Functional & Integrative Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clapham DE (2003) TRP channels as cellular sensors. Nature 426:517–524
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsai L, Barnea G (2014) A critical period defined by axon-targeting mechanisms in the murine olfactory bulb. Science 344:197–200
A journal article with 3 authors
Duckworth RA, Belloni V, Anderson SR (2015) Evolutionary ecology. Cycles of species replacement emerge from locally induced maternal effects on offspring behavior in a passerine bird. Science 347:875–877
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tan XH, Chan SF, Han K, Xu H (2014) Combined effects of magnetic interaction and domain wall pinning on the coercivity in a bulk Nd₆₀Fe₃₀Al₁₀ ferromagnet. Sci Rep 4:6805

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooper N, Forrest K, Cramp P (2008) Essential Guide to Acute Care. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Li G, Chen Y, Tang X (eds) (2009) Geosynthetics in Civil and Environmental Engineering: Geosynthetics Asia 2008 Proceedings of the 4th Asian Regional Conference on Geosynthetics in Shanghai, China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Budisantoso T, Bhati A, Bradshaw A, Tang CM (2016) Hedonic Shopping Motivation: Does It Really Matter? In: Mandal P, Vong J (eds) Development of Tourism and the Hospitality Industry in Southeast Asia. Springer, Singapore, pp 51–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Functional & Integrative Genomics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) The World’s Oldest Panda In Captivity Has Died. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Child Labor: Information on Federal Enforcement Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luvani KD (2017) AIRtouch: An Intelligent Virtual Keyboard. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Rangers Fans Had Something to Prove. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clapham 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Clapham 2003; Tsai and Barnea 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsai and Barnea 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFunctional & Integrative Genomics
AbbreviationFunct. Integr. Genomics
ISSN (print)1438-793X
ISSN (online)1438-7948
General Medicine

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