How to format your references using the Functional & Integrative Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Functional & Integrative Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff D (2000) MARINE ENVIRONMENT: Clinton Creates Huge Hawaiian Coral Haven. Science 290:1873b
A journal article with 2 authors
Hardison RC, Blobel GA (2013) Genetics. GWAS to therapy by genome edits? Science 342:206–207
A journal article with 3 authors
Blundy J, Cashman K, Humphreys M (2006) Magma heating by decompression-driven crystallization beneath andesite volcanoes. Nature 443:76–80
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moore B, Zhou L, Rolland F, et al (2003) Role of the Arabidopsis glucose sensor HXK1 in nutrient, light, and hormonal signaling. Science 300:332–336

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abd-El-Barr M, El-Rewini H (2004) Fundamentals of Computer Organization and Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bosch X, Ramos-Casals M, Khamashta MA (eds) (2014) Drugs Targeting B-Cells in Autoimmune Diseases. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Senani R, Bhaskar DR, Singh AK, Singh VK (2013) Design of Filters Using CFOAs. In: Bhaskar DR, Singh AK, Singh VK (eds) Current Feedback Operational Amplifiers and Their Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp 81–130

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Functional & Integrative Genomics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Microbes Turn Pee Into Electricity. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) School Finance: Options for Improving Measures of Effort and Equity in Title I. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schick VR (2010) Examining the vulva: The relationship between female genital aesthetic perceptions and gynecological care. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2008) Pregnant Inmate’s Plight Inspires Plea to Medvedev. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff 2000; Hardison and Blobel 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hardison and Blobel 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Moore et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFunctional & Integrative Genomics
AbbreviationFunct. Integr. Genomics
ISSN (print)1438-793X
ISSN (online)1438-7948
General Medicine

Other styles