How to format your references using the Frontiers in Women's Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Women's Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ye, J. (2011). Cell biology. Protease sets site-1 on lysosomes. Science 333, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tyers, M., and Mann, M. (2003). From genomics to proteomics. Nature 422, 193–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfingsten, J. S., Costantino, D. A., and Kieft, J. S. (2006). Structural basis for ribosome recruitment and manipulation by a viral IRES RNA. Science 314, 1450–1454.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hammarström, P., Wiseman, R. L., Powers, E. T., and Kelly, J. W. (2003). Prevention of transthyretin amyloid disease by changing protein misfolding energetics. Science 299, 713–716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Giesbrecht, F. G., and Gumpertz, M. L. (2005). Planning, Construction, and Statistical Analysis of Comparative Experiments: Giesbrecht/Comparative Experiments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
George, C., Whitehouse, D., and Duquenoy, P. eds. (2013). eHealth: Legal, Ethical and Governance Challenges. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakawa, M., Nishizaki, I., and Katagiri, H. (2011). “Multiobjective Fuzzy Random Programming,” in Fuzzy Stochastic Multiobjective Programming International Series in Operations Research & Management Science., eds. I. Nishizaki and H. Katagiri (New York, NY: Springer), 101–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Women's Cancer.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Is Yawning as Contagious in Bonobos as it is in Humans? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Federally Funded Research Centers: Agency Reviews of Employee Compensation and Center Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heffner, M. D. (2017). Informing Decision-Making for Derailments Involving Hazmat: An Analysis of Phmsa Train Accident Data.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2006). Arts, Briefly; A New Festival in Moscow. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ye, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Tyers and Mann, 2003; Ye, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tyers and Mann, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hammarström et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Women's Cancer
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles