How to format your references using the Frontiers in Women's Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Women's Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Merrow, M. (2010). Journal club. A chronobiologist makes sense of circadian dysfunction in illness. Nature 467, 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, J. P., Jr, and Zagotta, W. N. (2001). Rotational movement during cyclic nucleotide-gated channel opening. Nature 412, 917–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
Advani, M. J., Rajagopalan, M., and Reddy, P. H. (2014). Calmodulin-like protein from M. tuberculosis H37Rv is required during infection. Sci. Rep. 4, 6861.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Noctor, S. C., Flint, A. C., Weissman, T. A., Dammerman, R. S., and Kriegstein, A. R. (2001). Neurons derived from radial glial cells establish radial units in neocortex. Nature 409, 714–720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fight, A. (2004). Understanding International Bank Risk. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Asakawa, Y. (2013). Chemical Constituents of Bryophytes: Bio- and Chemical Diversity, Biological Activity, and Chemosystematics. , eds. A. Ludwiczuk and F. Nagashima Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller, M. D., and Burrus, M. T. (2014). “Acute Lateral and Posterolateral Injury,” in Knee Ligament Injuries: Extraarticular Surgical Techniques, eds. R. Rossi and F. Margheritini (Milano: Springer), 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Women's Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Our Stone Tool Discovery Pushes Back The Archaeological Record By 700,000 Years. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Improve Its Risk Management of Decennial Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, M. (2015). Support groups for caregivers of older adults with end stage renal disease: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). A New Bag, A New Space. New York Times, E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Merrow, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson and Zagotta, 2001; Merrow, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Zagotta, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Noctor et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Women's Cancer
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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