How to format your references using the Frontiers in Women's Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Women's Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Figer, D. F. (2014). Astrophysics: Monster star found hiding in plain sight. Nature 515, 42–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, L., and Karin, M. (2001). Mammalian MAP kinase signalling cascades. Nature 410, 37–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammon, C. J., Kanamori, H., and Lay, T. (2008). A great earthquake doublet and seismic stress transfer cycle in the central Kuril islands. Nature 451, 561–565.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oldham, M. L., Khare, D., Quiocho, F. A., Davidson, A. L., and Chen, J. (2007). Crystal structure of a catalytic intermediate of the maltose transporter. Nature 450, 515–521.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner, B. (2016). The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yokomizo, T., and Murakami, M. eds. (2015). Bioactive Lipid Mediators: Current Reviews and Protocols. 1st ed. 2015. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Fleming, P. (2008). “The Indeterminacy of Desire and Practical Reason,” in Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will Philosophical Studies Series., ed. D. K. Chan (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 95–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Women's Cancer.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). Watch Live As Juno Enters Orbit Around Jupiter Tonight. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Los Angeles Metro Rail System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, B. (2017). Repercussions of the Dark Valley - Reenacting And Reinterpreting an Era via Fantasy Manga.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bidgood, J. (2017). In Storm-Filled Season, Hurricane Nate Is Greeted With Relief. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Figer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chang and Karin, 2001; Figer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang and Karin, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Oldham et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Women's Cancer
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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