How to format your references using the Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zatz, M. (2005). Global voices of science. When science is not enough: fighting genetic disease in Brazil. Science 308, 55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Du, L., and Poovaiah, B. W. (2005). Ca2+/calmodulin is critical for brassinosteroid biosynthesis and plant growth. Nature 437, 741–745.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J.-Y., Tang, C. Y., and Huo, F. (2014). Fabrication of porous matrix membrane (PMM) using metal-organic framework as green template for water treatment. Sci. Rep. 4, 3740.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kang, J. X., Wang, J., Wu, L., and Kang, Z. B. (2004). Transgenic mice: fat-1 mice convert n-6 to n-3 fatty acids. Nature 427, 504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumacheva, E., and Garstecki, P. (2011). Microfluidic Reactors for Polymer Particles. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kotler, P. (2010). The Quintessence of Strategic Management: What You Really Need to Know to Survive in Business. , eds. R. Berger and N. Bickhoff Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Turner, M. E., and Fireman, M. (2016). “Evaluating the Biopsychosocial Milieu of Chronic Pain,” in Treating Comorbid Opioid Use Disorder in Chronic Pain, eds. A. M. Matthews and J. C. Fellers (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Sensing Gravity With Acid. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, R. E. (2010). Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2016). Violence in Milwaukee Was No Shock to Some. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zatz, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Du and Poovaiah, 2005; Zatz, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Du and Poovaiah, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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