How to format your references using the Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearse, J. S. (2006). Ecological role of purple sea urchins. Science 314, 940–941.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feachem, R. G. A., and Medlin, C. A. (2002). Health is wealth. Nature 417, 695.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, L., Hong, W., and Hao, Z.-C. (2014). Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes. Sci. Rep. 4, 4814.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mendez, R., Hake, L. E., Andresson, T., Littlepage, L. E., Ruderman, J. V., and Richter, J. D. (2000). Phosphorylation of CPE binding factor by Eg2 regulates translation of c-mos mRNA. Nature 404, 302–307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beach, D. (1996). The Responsible Conduct of Research. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kober, J. (2014). Learning Motor Skills: From Algorithms to Robot Experiments. , ed. J. Peters Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Danese, M., Lazzari, M., and Murgante, B. (2009). “Integrated Geological, Geomorphological and Geostatistical Analysis to Study Macroseismic Effects of 1980 Irpinian Earthquake in Urban Areas (Southern Italy),” in Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2009: International Conference, Seoul, Korea, June 29-July 2, 2009, Proceedings, Part I Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. O. Gervasi, D. Taniar, B. Murgante, A. Laganà, Y. Mun, and M. L. Gavrilova (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Our Ideas Of How Blood Forms Have Just Been Turned On Their Head. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success But Can Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wahid, R. (2012). Quality of life of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schaub, M. (2017). Rich Is Rabbit. New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearse, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Feachem and Medlin, 2002; Pearse, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feachem and Medlin, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mendez et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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