How to format your references using the Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2007). Georgia on the mind. Nature 445, 790–791.
A journal article with 2 authors
Montpetit, B., and Weis, K. (2012). Cell biology. An alternative route for nuclear mRNP export by membrane budding. Science 336, 809–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Piana, S., Reyhani, M., and Gale, J. D. (2005). Simulating micrometre-scale crystal growth from solution. Nature 438, 70–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Johnson, T. C., Brown, E. T., McManus, J., Barry, S., Barker, P., and Gasse, F. (2002). A high-resolution paleoclimate record spanning the past 25,000 years in southern East Africa. Science 296, 113–132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., and Wang, X. (2014). Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Strubelt, W. ed. (2009). Guiding Principles for Spatial Development in Germany. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bally, V., Caramellino, L., and Cont, R. (2016). “Pathwise calculus for non-anticipative functionals,” in Stochastic Integration by Parts and Functional Itô Calculus Advanced Courses in Mathematics - CRM Barcelona., eds. L. Caramellino, R. Cont, F. Utzet, and J. Vives (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 125–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). What Causes Brazil’s Bizarre “Meeting of the Waters”? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Transportation Infrastructure: Cost and Oversight Issues on Major Highway and Bridge Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purnell, C. P. (2012). Exploring teachers’ perceptions of professional development in virtual learning teams.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kirkpatrick, D. D., Hakim, D., and Glanz, J. (2017). ‘An Accident Waiting to Happen’: Blame in a Deadly London Fire. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2007; Montpetit and Weis, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Montpetit and Weis, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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