How to format your references using the Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peters, S. E. (2008). Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record. Nature 454, 626–629.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakow, N. A., and Suslick, K. S. (2000). A colorimetric sensor array for odour visualization. Nature 406, 710–713.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, M. G. J., Jenni, S., and Nunnari, J. (2011). The crystal structure of dynamin. Nature 477, 561–566.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shannon, M. A., Bohn, P. W., Elimelech, M., Georgiadis, J. G., Mariñas, B. J., and Mayes, A. M. (2008). Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature 452, 301–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pines, J. M., Carpenter, C. R., Raja, A. S., and Schuur, J. D. (2012). Evidence-Based Emergency Care. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chan, E. K. L., and Fritzler, M. J. eds. (2013). Ten Years of Progress in GW/P Body Research. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shivanna, K. R., and Tandon, R. (2014). “Pollen Biology,” in Reproductive Ecology of Flowering Plants: A Manual, ed. R. Tandon (New Delhi: Springer India), 35–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Black Holes Spotted Eating Stars So Fast, That The Winds Reach One Quarter Of The Speed Of Light. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Computer Systems: Types and Sources of Department of State Lookout Records. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bartaula, B. (2017). Stand Level Growth and Survival Equations for Cutover Sites Loblolly Pine Plantations in the Mid-Gulf Region of Southern United States.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). Neighbors Say an S.R.O. Is O.K., Just Make It Better. New York Times, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peters, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rakow and Suslick, 2000; Peters, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rakow and Suslick, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Shannon et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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