How to format your references using the Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shields, A. (2002). Quantum optics. Quantum logic with light, glass, and mirrors. Science 297, 1821–1822.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz, H. N., and Schulz, H. D. (2005). Large sulfur bacteria and the formation of phosphorite. Science 307, 416–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsui, K., Yoshida, H., and Ikuhara, Y. (2014). Nanocrystalline, ultra-degradation-resistant zirconia: its grain boundary nanostructure and nanochemistry. Sci. Rep. 4, 4758.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Loh, P.-R., Genovese, G., Handsaker, R. E., Finucane, H. K., Reshef, Y. A., Palamara, P. F., et al. (2018). Insights into clonal haematopoiesis from 8,342 mosaic chromosomal alterations. Nature 559, 350–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris, A. (2008). A Practical Guide to Reliable Finite Element Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Decreusefond, L., and Najim, J. eds. (2012). Stochastic Analysis and Related Topics: In Honour of Ali Süleyman Üstünel, Paris, June 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, Y.-S., and Kearney, P. (2015). “Study One: Mindfulness Intervention for Mothers,” in A Mindfulness Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: New Directions in Research and Practice Mindfulness in Behavioral Health., ed. P. Kearney (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 59–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Antibiotic Resistance Now A Global Threat According To Latest WHO Report. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Earth Observing System: Concerns Over NASA’s Basic Research Funding Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederique, N. P. (2010). The effectiveness of school based intensive probation for reducing recidivism: An evaluation of Maryland’s Spotlight on Schools program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008). Offering Fresh Weapons Against Test Anxiety. New York Times, LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shields, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Shields, 2002; Schulz and Schulz, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulz and Schulz, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Loh et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Thyroid Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles