How to format your references using the Frontiers in T Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in T Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling, G. (2000). ASTRONOMY: The Virtual Observatory Moves Closer to Reality. Science 289, 238a–9a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piketty, T., and Saez, E. (2014). Inequality in the long run. Science 344, 838–843.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannoni, S., Temperton, B., and Zhao, Y. (2013). Giovannoni et al. reply. Nature 499, E4-5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jones, M. W. M., Elgass, K., Junker, M. D., Luu, M. B., Ryan, M. T., Peele, A. G., et al. (2014). Mapping biological composition through quantitative phase and absorption X-ray ptychography. Sci. Rep. 4, 6796.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M. H. (2010). Troubleshooting the Sequencing Batch Reactor. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dawar, A., and Queiroz, R. de eds. (2010). Logic, Language, Information and Computation: 17th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2010, Brasilia, Brazil, July 6-9, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brancaccio, G., and Sito, G. (2016). “Therapies of Hyperhidrosis Through Topical Agents,” in Hyperhidrosis: Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment, ed. G. Sito (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 19–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in T Cell Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Triple-Breasted Claim Demonstrates Internet Gullibility Again. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Career and Technical Education: Surveys to State Directors of Career and Technical Education (GAO-09-737SP, July 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-683. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, L. (2009). A culturally sensitive mentorship program for foster youth: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2016). Razor Images. Bewildered Eyes. New York Times, AR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schilling, 2000; Piketty and Saez, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Piketty and Saez, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in T Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

Other styles