How to format your references using the Frontiers in T Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in T Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C. (2000). PARTICLE PHYSICS: CERN Collider Glimpses Supersymmetry--Maybe. Science 289, 227a–8a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fabian, A. C., and Miller, J. M. (2002). Astronomy. Black holes reveal their innermost secrets. Science 297, 947–948.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cronin, T. W., Caldwell, R. L., and Marshall, J. (2001). Sensory adaptation. Tunable colour vision in a mantis shrimp. Nature 411, 547–548.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Do, M. T. H., Kang, S. H., Xue, T., Zhong, H., Liao, H.-W., Bergles, D. E., et al. (2009). Photon capture and signalling by melanopsin retinal ganglion cells. Nature 457, 281–287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Michaelian, K. H. (2005). Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mitchell, R. C., and Moore, S. A. eds. (2015). Planetary Praxis & Pedagogy: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Environmental Sustainability. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Whiten, A. (2016). “The Evolution of Hominin Culture and Its Ancient Pre-hominin Foundations,” in The Nature of Culture: Based on an Interdisciplinary Symposium ‘The Nature of Culture’, Tübingen, Germany Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology., eds. M. N. Haidle, N. J. Conard, and M. Bolus (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in T Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Newly-Discovered “Bat Frog” Named After Ozzy Osbourne. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Focus Continued Attention on Eliminating Duplicative Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie, N. J. (2012). African/Black psychology: A qualitative investigation of distinguished Black psychologists.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016). Reaching a U.S. Apex, With a Bronze Medal in Tow. New York Times, SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Seife, 2000; Fabian and Miller, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fabian and Miller, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Do et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in T Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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