How to format your references using the Frontiers in T Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in T Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brakenhoff, R. H. (2011). Cancer. Another NOTCH for cancer. Science 333, 1102–1103.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoefel, F., and Elgar, S. (2003). Wave-induced sediment transport and sandbar migration. Science 299, 1885–1887.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cortright, R. D., Davda, R. R., and Dumesic, J. A. (2002). Hydrogen from catalytic reforming of biomass-derived hydrocarbons in liquid water. Nature 418, 964–967.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wacey, D., Saunders, M., Roberts, M., Menon, S., Green, L., Kong, C., et al. (2014). Enhanced cellular preservation by clay minerals in 1 billion-year-old lakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richards, S. A., and Hollerton, J. C. (2010). Essential Practical NMR for Organic Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sharp, H., and Hall, T. eds. (2016). Agile Processes, in Software Engineering, and Extreme Programming: 17th International Conference, XP 2016, Edinburgh, UK, May 24-27, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Morse, D. (2014). “Phone Call at 2 am,” in Universe of Scales: From Nanotechnology to Cosmology: Symposium in Honor of Minoru M. Freund Springer Proceedings in Physics., eds. F. Freund and S. Langhoff (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 11–11.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in T Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Diamond Lasers 20 Times More Powerful Than Ever Before. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Education Research: Education Should Improve Assessments of R&D Centers, Regional Labs, and Comprehensive Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eakman, T. L. (2017). Education Level and Critical Thinking Skills Among Substance Use Counselors Nationwide: A Descriptive Comparative Study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009). We’re All Finally Learning The True Price Of Football. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brakenhoff, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brakenhoff, 2011; Hoefel and Elgar, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoefel and Elgar, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wacey et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in T Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

Other styles