How to format your references using the Frontiers in T Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in T Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murzin, A. G. (2008). Biochemistry. Metamorphic proteins. Science 320, 1725–1726.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, D., and Seo, J. (2014). Three-dimensionally networked graphene hydroxide with giant pores and its application in supercapacitors. Sci. Rep. 4, 7419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sack, L., Marañón, T., and Grubb, P. J. (2002). Global allocation rules for patterns of biomass partitioning. Science 296, 1923.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wong, C.-Y., Chung, L.-H., Lin, S., Chan, D. S.-H., Leung, C.-H., and Ma, D.-L. (2014). A ruthenium(II) complex supported by trithiacyclononane and aromatic diimine ligand as luminescent switch-on probe for biomolecule detection and protein staining. Sci. Rep. 4, 7136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Askoolum, A. (2007). System Building with APL + Win. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Benuto, L. T., Thaler, N. S., and Leany, B. D. eds. (2014). Guide to Psychological Assessment with Asians. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vilanova, J. C., Luna, A., Morales, M., Albert, X., Barceló, J., and Ribes, R. (2010). “Cardiac Magnetic Resonance,” in Learning Cardiac Imaging Learning Imaging., eds. R. Ribes, P. Kuschnir, A. Luna, J. C. Vilanova, and J. M. Jimenez-Hoyuela (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 75–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in T Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Exploiting Bacteria to Produce “Living Materials.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002). Electronic Government: Challenges to Effective Adoption of the Extensible Markup Language. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh, S. M. (2017). The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017). Struggling to Find the Spirit of ’86. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murzin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Murzin, 2008; Lee and Seo, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Seo, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in T Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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