How to format your references using the Forschende Komplementärmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forschende Komplementärmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downward J: The ins and outs of signalling. Nature 2001;411:759–762.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivkin AS, Emery JP: Detection of ice and organics on an asteroidal surface. Nature 2010;464:1322–1323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soares L, Parisi M, Bonini NM: Axon injury and regeneration in the adult Drosophila. Sci Rep 2014;4:6199.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wiltshire MC, Pendry JB, Young IR, Larkman DJ, Gilderdale DJ, Hajnal JV: Microstructured magnetic materials for RF flux guides in magnetic resonance imaging. Science 2001;291:849–851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaplan W: Maxima and Minima with Applications. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1998.
An edited book
Nedjah N, Mourelle L de M, Alba E (eds): Parallel Evolutionary Computations. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim YA, Kim YJ, Endo M: Carbonaceous Anode Materials; in Zhang Z, Zhang SS (eds): Rechargeable Batteries: Materials, Technologies and New Trends. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp 135–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forschende Komplementärmedizin.

Blog post
Andrews R: Wind Farms Have An Insignificant Effect On Local Climate. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Grant Programs: Design Features Shape Flexibility, Accountability, and Performance Information. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson AC: The lived experience of the adult African American female who has lived in multiple foster care placements 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Court Sets Fall Debate On Standards Of Water Act. New York Times 2008;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleForschende Komplementärmedizin
AbbreviationForsch. Komplementmed.
ISSN (print)1661-4119
ISSN (online)1661-4127
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles