How to format your references using the Forschende Komplementärmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forschende Komplementärmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pate BH. Chemistry. Taking the pulse of molecular rotational spectroscopy. Science. 2011 Aug;333(6045):947–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng J-X, Xie XS. Vibrational spectroscopic imaging of living systems: An emerging platform for biology and medicine. Science. 2015 Nov;350(6264):aaa8870.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richmond BJ, Liu Z, Shidara M. Neuroscience. Predicting future rewards. Science. 2003 Jul;301(5630):179–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maizel A, Busch MA, Tanahashi T, Perkovic J, Kato M, Hasebe M, et al. The floral regulator LEAFY evolves by substitutions in the DNA binding domain. Science. 2005 Apr;308(5719):260–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morley D. Communications and Mobility. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Krishnaraj V. Drilling of Polymer-Matrix Composites. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas S. Using Representation Theorems for Proving Polynomials Non-negative. In: Aranda-Corral GA, Calmet J, Martín-Mateos FJ, editors. Artificial Intelligence and Symbolic Computation: 12th International Conference, AISC 2014, Seville, Spain, December 11-13, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014; pp 21–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forschende Komplementärmedizin.

Blog post
Andrew E. Quantum Positioning Could Be 1000x More Accurate Than GPS [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Program Safety: Funding for NASA’s Safety Organizations Should Be Centralized. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lima AA. Racial and cultural identity formation of low-income Brazilian youth of African descent through their experiences and perceptions in formal and informal schools. 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K, Rappeport A. Trump’s Tax Cut Could Lead to Broad Avoidance. New York Times. 2017 May;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleForschende Komplementärmedizin
AbbreviationForsch. Komplementmed.
ISSN (print)1661-4119
ISSN (online)1661-4127
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles