How to format your references using the Forschende Komplementärmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forschende Komplementärmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Becker T. Geophysics. Fine-scale modeling of global plate tectonics. Science. 2010 Aug;329(5995):1020–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymond PA, Bauer JE. Riverine export of aged terrestrial organic matter to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 2001 Jan;409(6819):497–500.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulathinal RJ, Bettencourt BR, Hartl DL. Compensated deleterious mutations in insect genomes. Science. 2004 Nov;306(5701):1553–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cortez D, Guntuku S, Qin J, Elledge SJ. ATR and ATRIP: partners in checkpoint signaling. Science. 2001 Nov;294(5547):1713–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ash MK. The Mary Kay Way. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Wang C. Abstraction Refinement for Large Scale Model Checking. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Banek M, Vrdoljak B, Tjoa AM, Skočir Z. Automating the Schema Matching Process for Heterogeneous Data Warehouses. In: Song IY, Eder J, Nguyen TM, editors. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 9th International Conference, DaWaK 2007, Regensburg Germany, September 3-7, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007; pp 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forschende Komplementärmedizin.

Blog post
Luntz S. Desert-Dwelling Elephants Have A Unique Culture But Common Genetics [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Aug


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strong M. Investigation and Characterization of Features on a Cretaceous-Paleogene Seismic Horizon in Northern Louisiana. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Books by Melanie Finn, Alexandra Kleeman, Robert Seethaler and Margot Livesey. New York Times. 2016 Sep;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleForschende Komplementärmedizin
AbbreviationForsch. Komplementmed.
ISSN (print)1661-4119
ISSN (online)1661-4127
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles