How to format your references using the Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.L. Dye, Chemistry. Electrons as anions, Science. 301 (2003) 607–608.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Gault, S. Huttner, A cat’s cradle for policy, Nature. 455 (2008) 462–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Navrotsky, L. Mazeina, J. Majzlan, Size-driven structural and thermodynamic complexity in iron oxides, Science. 319 (2008) 1635–1638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Yang, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, J. Liu, X. Liu, X. Chen, C. Li, Y. Zeng, p38γ overexpression in gliomas and its role in proliferation and apoptosis, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2089.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Wilmshurst, Clinical and Educational Child Psychology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK, 2012.
An edited book
A. Jambor, Competitiveness of Global Agriculture: Policy Lessons for Food Security, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Ma, K.-D. Schewe, B. Thalheim, Modelling and Maintenance of Very Large Database Schemata Using Meta-structures, in: J. Yang, A. Ginige, H.C. Mayr, R.-D. Kutsche (Eds.), Information Systems: Modeling, Development, and Integration: Third International United Information Systems Conference, UNISCON 2009, Sydney, Australia, April 21-24, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 17–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Medications Pregnant Women Should Take, Avoid, And Think About, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Submarine Technology: Transition Plans Needed to Realize Gains From DOD Advanced Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Santella Steen, The Potential of Television Programming as a Resource to Facilitate Academic Progress for Students who have a Specific Learning Disability in Reading, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, Quiet Campaigns Begin For Presidency of I.O.C, New York Times. (2013) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleForensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series
AbbreviationForensic Sci. Int. Genet. Suppl. Ser.
ISSN (print)1875-1768
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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