How to format your references using the Food Digestion: Research and Current Opinion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Digestion: Research and Current Opinion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cuervo AM (2011) Cell biology. Autophagy’s top chef. Science 332:1392–1393
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lambert JD, Nagy LM (2002) Asymmetric inheritance of centrosomally localized mRNAs during embryonic cleavages. Nature 420:682–686
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Spencer TJ, Osborn T, Kohl PA (2008) Materials science. High-frequency chip connections. Science 320:756–757
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Silverstein SC, Dubner J, Miller J, et al (2009) Teachers’ participation in research programs improves their students’ achievement in science. Science 326:440–442

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Köhler M (2005) Nanotechnologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Janosky JE (2009) Single Subject Designs in Biomedicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bah CSF, Fang EF, Ng TB (2013) Medicinal Applications of Plant Lectins. In: Fang EF, Ng TB (eds) Antitumor Potential and other Emerging Medicinal Properties of Natural Compounds. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Digestion: Research and Current Opinion.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) Here’s Why The Texture Of Some Food Grosses Us Out. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/heres-why-texture-some-food-grosses-us-out/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) Motor Vehicle Safety: Information on Accidental Fires in Manufacturing Air Bag Propellant. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gaines M (2017) Perceptions of knowledge sharing within hybrid learning environments: As iron sharpens iron among graduate students. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Qiu L (2017) 7 Falsehoods At 3 Events In One Day. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Digestion: Research and Current Opinion
AbbreviationFood Dig.
ISSN (print)1869-1978
ISSN (online)1869-1986
ScopeFood Science
Gastroenterology

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