How to format your references using the Food Chemistry: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Chemistry: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macarthur, D. (2012). Methods: Face up to false positives. Nature, 487(7408), 427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beasley, A. J., & Schreier, E. J. (2012). Astronomy: The United States must rejoin the SKA. Nature, 489(7416), 363.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serganov, A., Huang, L., & Patel, D. J. (2008). Structural insights into amino acid binding and gene control by a lysine riboswitch. Nature, 455(7217), 1263–1267.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Okita, K., Nakagawa, M., Hyenjong, H., Ichisaka, T., & Yamanaka, S. (2008). Generation of mouse induced pluripotent stem cells without viral vectors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5903), 949–953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akers, R. M. (2016). Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company.
An edited book
Holick, M. F. (Ed.). (2010). Vitamin D: Physiology, Molecular Biology, and Clinical Applications. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
López-Milán, E., & Plà-Aragonés, L. M. (2015). Optimization of the Supply Chain Management of Sugarcane in Cuba. In L. M. Plà-Aragonés (Ed.), Handbook of Operations Research in Agriculture and the Agri-Food Industry (pp. 107–127). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Chemistry: X.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 23). “Watermelon Snow” Is Causing Arctic Glaciers To Melt Even Faster. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Student Athletes: Information on Their Academic Performance (No. HRD-89-107FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh, H. (2013). A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J. (2016, December 18). Hussein, the C.I.A. and Me. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macarthur, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Beasley & Schreier, 2012; Macarthur, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beasley & Schreier, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Serganov, Huang, & Patel, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Okita, Nakagawa, Hyenjong, Ichisaka, & Yamanaka, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Chemistry: X
ISSN (print)2590-1575

Other styles