How to format your references using the Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris M. 2006. Astronomy. Galactic prominences on the rise. Science. 314(5796):70–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibson BK, Flynn C. 2001. White dwarfs and dark matter. Science. 292(5525):2211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rojas JP, Torres Sevilla GA, Hussain MM. 2013. Can we build a truly high performance computer which is flexible and transparent? Sci Rep. 3:2609.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Hartogh P, Lis DC, Bockelée-Morvan D, de Val-Borro M, Biver N, Küppers M, Emprechtinger M, Bergin EA, Crovisier J, Rengel M, et al. 2011. Ocean-like water in the Jupiter-family comet 103P/Hartley 2. Nature. 478(7368):218–220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rumelhard C, Algani C, Billabert A-L. 2013. Microwave Photonic Links. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Clark JE, editor. 2016. Albert Cleage Jr. and the Black Madonna and Child. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Sülün T, Şakar O. 2016. Diagnosis and Treatment Planning in Partially Edentulous Patients. In: Şakar O, editor. Removable Partial Dentures: A Practitioners’ Manual. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017. Plutonium Discovery May Lead To Simpler Clean-Ups. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. School Meal Programs: Implications of Adjusting Income Eligibility Thresholds and Reimbursement Rates by Geographic Differences. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borchardt GM. 2013. Making D.C. Democracy’s Capital: Local Activism, the “Federal State”, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Washington, D.C [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero S. 2016. Let the Games . . . End. Please. New York Times.:D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morris 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson & Flynn 2001; Morris 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gibson & Flynn 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hartogh et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Additives & Contaminants: Part B
AbbreviationFood Addit. Contam. Part B Surveill.
ISSN (print)1939-3210
ISSN (online)1939-3229
ScopeFood Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles