How to format your references using the Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Larson S. 2012. Anthropology. Did australopiths climb trees? Science. 338(6106):478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunauer R, Kennedy BK. 2015. Medicine. Progeria accelerates adult stem cell aging. Science. 348(6239):1093–1094.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarano F, Guimarães A, da Silva JM. 2012. Rio+20: Lead by example. Nature. 486(7401):25–26.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Foster KL, Plastridge RA, Bottenheim JW, Shepson PB, Finlayson-Pitts BJ, Spicer CW. 2001. The role of Br2 and BrCl in surface ozone destruction at polar sunrise. Science. 291(5503):471–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brenner IR. 2010. How to Survive a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Vitasek K. 2012. Vested: How P&G, McDonald’s and Microsoft are Redefining Winning in Business Relationships. Manrodt K, Kling J, editors. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hindriks KV, Roberti T. 2009. GOAL as a Planning Formalism. In: Braubach L, Hoek W van der, Petta P, Pokahr A, editors. Multiagent System Technologies: 7th German Conference, MATES 2009, Hamburg, Germany, September 9-11, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. Thanks To Cosmic Rays, We Finally Know What The Inside Of A Pyramid Looks Like. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anthony PJ. 2008. Determining courses of action for educational leaders to achieve Adequate Yearly Progress [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2012. A Town That Backed a Failed Project Refuses to Pay. New York Times.:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Larson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Larson 2012; Brunauer and Kennedy 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunauer and Kennedy 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Foster et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Additives & Contaminants: Part B
AbbreviationFood Addit. Contam. Part B Surveill.
ISSN (print)1939-3210
ISSN (online)1939-3229
ScopeFood Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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