How to format your references using the Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe H. 2000. France sets up elite Internet school. Nature. 405:381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurotobi K, Murata Y. 2011. A single molecule of water encapsulated in fullerene C₆₀. Science. 333:613–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seidel HS, Rockman MV, Kruglyak L. 2008. Widespread genetic incompatibility in C. elegans maintained by balancing selection. Science. 319:589–594.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Geffeney SL, Fujimoto E, Brodie ED 3rd, Brodie ED Jr, Ruben PC. 2005. Evolutionary diversification of TTX-resistant sodium channels in a predator-prey interaction. Nature. 434:759–763.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Subramanian MN. 2017. Polymer Blends and Composites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lourenço JM, Farchi E, editors. 2013. Multicore Software Engineering, Performance, and Tools: International Conference, MUSEPAT 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 19-20, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Swearer R, Hillen V, Bertola P. 2016. A New Kind of University. In: Banerjee B, Ceri S, editors. Creating Innovation Leaders: A Global Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part B.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. The Science Behind How We Became Human. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Digital Television Transition: Information on the Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program and Consumer Participation in the Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glock M. 2008. Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2007. Americans Held in Iraq Draw Justices’ Attention. New York Times.:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCabe 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McCabe 2000; Kurotobi & Murata 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kurotobi & Murata 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Geffeney et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Additives & Contaminants: Part B
AbbreviationFood Addit. Contam. Part B Surveill.
ISSN (print)1939-3210
ISSN (online)1939-3229
ScopeFood Science
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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