How to format your references using the Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quaglioni S. 2015. Nuclear physics: Close encounters of the alpha kind. Nature. 528:42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mechoulam R, Lichtman AH. 2003. Neuroscience. Stout guards of the central nervous system. Science. 302:65–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manabe M, Barrett PM, Isaji S. 2000. Palaeontology. A refugium for relics? Nature. 404:953.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Dentin R, Liu Y, Koo S-H, Hedrick S, Vargas T, Heredia J, Yates J 3rd, Montminy M. 2007. Insulin modulates gluconeogenesis by inhibition of the coactivator TORC2. Nature. 449:366–369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sallaberry C. 2013. Geographical Information Retrieval in Textual Corpora. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meier R, Terzis S, editors. 2008. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 8th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 4-6, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pascual M, Roa S. 2013. Epigenetics, Environment, and Allergic Diseases. In: Roa S, editor. Epigenetic Approaches to Allergy Research. New York, NY: Springer; p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Planck Reveals Most Detailed Map Yet Of The Milky Way’s Magnetic Field. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. B-2 Bomber: Initial Flight Tests. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliva DA. 2012. Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2013. In Congress, a Bill Seeks to Tie Municipal Borrowing Power to Public Pension Disclosure. New York Times.:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quaglioni 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mechoulam & Lichtman 2003; Quaglioni 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mechoulam & Lichtman 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Dentin et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Additives & Contaminants: Part A
AbbreviationFood Addit. Contam. Part A Chem. Anal. Control Expo. Risk Assess.
ISSN (print)1944-0049
ISSN (online)1944-0057
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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