How to format your references using the Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow MM. 2013. Digital learning: look, then leap. Nature. 499(7458):275–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lasne F, de Ceaurriz J. 2000. Recombinant erythropoietin in urine. Nature. 405(6787):635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brandvain Y, Barker MS, Wade MJ. 2007. Gene co-inheritance and gene transfer. Science. 315(5819):1685.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Ono T, Kumamoto A, Nakagawa H, Yamaguchi Y, Oshigami S, Yamaji A, Kobayashi T, Kasahara Y, Oya H. 2009. Lunar radar sounder observations of subsurface layers under the nearside maria of the Moon. Science. 323(5916):909–912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riehle F. 2003. Frequency Standards. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
McAlpine SR, Edkins AL, editors. 2016. Heat Shock Protein Inhibitors: Success Stories. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rizzi A, Montanari R, Bertolini M, Bottani E, Volpi A. 2011. L’impatto della tecnologia RFID nella gestione dei processi di supply chain. In: Montanari R, Bertolini M, Bottani E, Volpi A, editors. Logistica e tecnologia RFID: Creare valore nella filiera alimentare e nel largo consumo. Milano: Springer; p. 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Galactico Christiano Ronaldo Has The Earliest Stars In The Universe Named After Him. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Federal Communications Commission: Implementation of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gamez Grijalva VM. 2009. Biological and physical-chemical methods for treatment of semiconductor manufacturing effluents [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2010. Long-Separated Portraits, on a Wall Together at Last. New York Times.:F29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Lasne & de Ceaurriz 2000; Crow 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lasne & de Ceaurriz 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Ono et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Additives & Contaminants: Part A
AbbreviationFood Addit. Contam. Part A Chem. Anal. Control Expo. Risk Assess.
ISSN (print)1944-0049
ISSN (online)1944-0057
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles