How to format your references using the Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen PB. 2000. Condensed-matter physics. Misbehaviour in metals. Nature. 405(6790):1007–1008.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li JW-H, Vederas JC. 2009. Drug discovery and natural products: end of an era or an endless frontier? Science. 325(5937):161–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Popovych OV, Yanchuk S, Tass PA. 2013. Self-organized noise resistance of oscillatory neural networks with spike timing-dependent plasticity. Sci Rep. 3:2926.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Zadnik K, Jones LA, Irvin BC, Kleinstein RN, Manny RE, Shin JA, Mutti DO. 2000. Myopia and ambient night-time lighting. CLEERE Study Group. Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Ethnicity and Refractive Error. Nature. 404(6774):143–144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paris Jocelyn L., Paris Judy L. 2008. CliffsNotes® Praxis II®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Rebizant W. 2011. Digital Signal Processing in Power System Protection and Control. Szafran J, Wiszniewski A, editors. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouchard F. 2013. How Ecosystem Evolution Strengthens the Case for Functional Pluralism. In: Huneman P, editor. Functions: selection and mechanisms. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 83–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Additives & Contaminants: Part A.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. Highlights From SpaceX’s Latest Historic Rocket Launch And Landing. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Spectrum Management: FCC’s Licensing Approach in the 11, 18, and 23 Gigahertz Bands Currently Supports Spectrum Availability and Efficiency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miramontes AJ. 2017. Examining eye fixation patterns during the Situation Present Assessment Method (SPAM) under varying levels of workload [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2013. No Nike Deal for Vaulter After He Puts Tape on Logo. New York Times.:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Allen 2000; Li and Vederas 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Vederas 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zadnik et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Additives & Contaminants: Part A
AbbreviationFood Addit. Contam. Part A Chem. Anal. Control Expo. Risk Assess.
ISSN (print)1944-0049
ISSN (online)1944-0057
ScopeFood Science
General Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles