How to format your references using the FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brownlee M., 2001, ‘Biochemistry and molecular cell biology of diabetic complications’, in Nature 414(6865): 813–820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dauphas N., Pourmand A., 2011, ‘Hf-W-Th evidence for rapid growth of Mars and its status as a planetary embryo’, in Nature 473(7348): 489–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharma B., Mandani S., Sarma T.K., 2013, ‘Biogenic growth of alloys and core-shell nanostructures using urease as a nanoreactor at ambient conditions’, in Scientific reports 3: 2601.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rands M.R.W., Adams W.M., Bennun L., et al., 2010, ‘Biodiversity conservation: challenges beyond 2010’, in Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5997): 1298–1303.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benmammar B., Amraoui A., 2013, Radio Resource Allocation and Dynamic Spectrum Access, Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Gibbons M.C., Bali R., Wickramasinghe N., Eds, 2010, Perspectives of Knowledge Management in Urban Health, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Crozier A.J., 2006, ‘Festina Lente: An Introductory Sketch of the History of ASEAN’, in P.J.J. Welfens, F. Knipping, S. Chirathivat, C. Ryan (eds.), Integration in Asia and Europe: Historical Dynamics, Political Issues, and Economic Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg, 13–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research).

Blog post
Andrew E., 2015, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989, Laboratory Accreditation: Requirements Vary Throughout the Federal Government, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manandhar R., 2017, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J., 2017, New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research)
ISSN (online)1828-3179

Other styles