How to format your references using the FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heller S.B., 2014, ‘Summer jobs reduce violence among disadvantaged youth’, in Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6214): 1219–1223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischer M.G., Suttle C.A., 2011, ‘A virophage at the origin of large DNA transposons’, in Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6026): 231–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulmala M., Pirjola L., Makela J.M., 2000, ‘Stable sulphate clusters as a source of new atmospheric particles’, in Nature 404(6773): 66–69.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kemiktarak U., Ndukum T., Schwab K.C., Ekinci K.L., 2007, ‘Radio-frequency scanning tunnelling microscopy’, in Nature 450(7166): 85–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fayngold M., 2005, Special Relativity and Motions Faster than Light, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Falcone R., Barber S., Sabater-Mir J., Singh M.P., Eds, 2005, Trusting Agents for Trusting Electronic Societies: Theory and Applications in HCI and E-Commerce, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomppo E., Heikkinen J., Henttonen H.M., et al., 2011, ‘Discussion’, in J. Heikkinen, H.M. Henttonen, A. Ihalainen, et al. (eds.), Designing and Conducting a Forest Inventory - case: 9th National Forest Inventory of Finland. Dordrecht, 179–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research).

Blog post
O`Callaghan J., 2017, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000, Intercity Passenger Rail: Amtrak Needs to Improve Its Accountability for Taxpayer Relief Act Funds, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix K.A., 2013, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M., 2017, New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleFOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research)
ISSN (online)1828-3179

Other styles