How to format your references using the Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondrashov F. Russia’s crackdowns are jeopardizing its science. Nature. 2015;523(7561):383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones RH, Flynn KJ. Nutritional status and diet composition affect the value of diatoms as copepod prey. Science. 2005;307(5714):1457-1459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nilewski C, Geisser RW, Carreira EM. Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature. 2009;457(7229):573-576.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bahar F, Pratt-Szeliga PC, Angus S, Guo J, Welch RD. Describing Myxococcus xanthus aggregation using Ostwald ripening equations for thin liquid films. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stefanoiu D, Borne P, Popescu D, Filip FG, El Kamel A. Optimization in Engineering Sciences: Approximate and Metaheuristic Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Freeman A. Pro LINQ: Language Integrated Query in C# 2010. (Rattz JC, ed.). Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Mandelkow E-M, Thies E, Konzack S, Mandelkow E. Tau and Intracellular Transport in Neurons. In: George-Hyslop PHS, Mobley WCC, Christen Y, eds. Intracellular Traffic and Neurodegenerative Disorders. Research and Perspectives in Alzheimer’s Disease. Springer; 2009:59-70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing.

Blog post
Andrew E. Physicists Finally Capture High-Energy Cosmic Neutrinos After 40 Years Of Trying. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Improving the Use of Cooperative R&D Agreements at DOE’s Contractor-Operated Laboratories. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crumlish SB. Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. A Ratings Milestone For ‘Game of Thrones.’ New York Times. August 28, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleExplore: The Journal of Science and Healing
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing

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