How to format your references using the Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cao YC. Materials science. Impurities enhance semiconductor nanocrystal performance. Science. 2011;332(6025):48-49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dijk D-J, Skeldon AC. Biological rhythms: Human sleep before the industrial era. Nature. 2015;527(7577):176-177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou T, Gao Y, Wang ZD. Topological quantum phase transitions and edge states in spin-orbital coupled Fermi gases. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5218.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ullian EM, Sapperstein SK, Christopherson KS, Barres BA. Control of synapse number by glia. Science. 2001;291(5504):657-661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedivy J, Carlson G. Sold on Language. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Agah A, Cabibihan J-J, Howard AM, Salichs MA, He H, eds. Social Robotics: 8th International Conference, ICSR 2016, Kansas City, MO, USA, November 1-3, 2016 Proceedings. Vol 9979. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Li L, Topkara U, Memon N. ACE-Cost: Acquisition Cost Efficient Classifier by Hybrid Decision Tree with Local SVM Leaves. In: Perner P, ed. Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 7th International Conference, MLDM 2011, New York, NY, USA, August 30 – September 3, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2011:60-74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Apollo Astronaut Says Aliens Prevented A Nuclear War On Earth. IFLScience. Published August 17, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Risk of Serious Disruption to Essential Government Functions Calls for Agency Action Now. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abdeljaber SR. High school mathematics teachers’ perceptions of mathematics education in northwest Florida. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Syndergaard, Last Man Standing, Is Natural Choice for Survival Game. New York Times. October 5, 2016:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleExplore: The Journal of Science and Healing
AbbreviationExplore (NY)
ISSN (print)1550-8307
Complementary and alternative medicine
General Nursing

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