How to format your references using the Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Fischer KM. Waning buoyancy in the crustal roots of old mountains. Nature. 2002;417:933–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Blume-Jensen P, Hunter T. Oncogenic kinase signalling. Nature. 2001;411:355–365.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Culler SJ, Hoff KG, Smolke CD. Reprogramming cellular behavior with RNA controllers responsive to endogenous proteins. Science. 2010;330:1251–1255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Shi Y, Huang J-K, Jin L, et al. Selective decoration of Au nanoparticles on monolayer MoS2 single crystals. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1839.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Zink M. Scalable Video on Demand. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Schuller M, Sloots TP, James GS, et al., editors. PCR for Clinical Microbiology: An Australian and International Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chen H. Meditations on Quantified Constraint Satisfaction. In: Constable RL, Silva A, editors. Logic and Program Semantics: Essays Dedicated to Dexter Kozen on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 35–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Watch Live As Juno Enters Orbit Around Jupiter Tonight [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-live-juno-enters-orbit-around-jupiter/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: OMB Has Made Improvements to Its Dashboard, but Further Work Is Needed by Agencies and OMB to Ensure Data Accuracy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011. Report No.: GAO-11-262. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
San KA. Synthesis of Alkanethiolate-Capped Metal Nanoparticles Using Alkyl Thiosulfate Ligand Precursors for Selective Catalytic Reactions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barron J. Some Gifts Go in the Closet. These Go on the Block. New York Times. 2017 May 12;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Pharmacoecon. Outcomes Res.
ISSN (print)1473-7167
ISSN (online)1744-8379
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Policy
Pharmacology (medical)

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