How to format your references using the Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gophna U. Microbiology. The guts of dietary habits. Science. 334(6052), 45–46 (2011).
A journal article with 2 authors
Conner SD, Schmid SL. Regulated portals of entry into the cell. Nature. 422(6927), 37–44 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
Nygård J, Cobden DH, Lindelof PE. Kondo physics in carbon nanotubes. Nature. 408(6810), 342–346 (2000).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Goldberg AV, Molik S, Tsaousis AD, et al. Localization and functionality of microsporidian iron-sulphur cluster assembly proteins. Nature. 452(7187), 624–628 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida JPM, Maunder EAW. Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rodríguez-Merchán EC, editor. Joint Surgery in the Adult Patient with Hemophilia. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kubczak C, Margaria T, Steffen B, Nagel R. Service-oriented Mediation with jABC/jETI. In: Semantic Web Services Challenge: Results from the First Year. Petrie C, Margaria T, Lausen H, Zaremba M (Eds.), Springer US, Boston, MA, 71–99 (2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Evans K. This Is What Earth Will Look Like In 100 Years – If We’re Lucky [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Noise: Costs of Phasing Out Noisy Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pitron JE. The influence of exemplary followership on organizational performance: A phenomenological approach. (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology
ISSN (print)1747-4108
ISSN (online)1747-4116

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