How to format your references using the Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheppard CRC. Predicted recurrences of mass coral mortality in the Indian Ocean. Nature. 425(6955), 294–297 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang L-L, Perc M. Spreading of cooperative behaviour across interdependent groups. Sci. Rep. 3, 2483 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens RC, Yokoyama S, Wilson IA. Global efforts in structural genomics. Science. 294(5540), 89–92 (2001).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim W, Zhu W, Hendricks GL, et al. A new class of synthetic retinoid antibiotics effective against bacterial persisters. Nature. 556(7699), 103–107 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perrin V. MRI Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Hayat MA, editor. Pediatric Cancer, Volume 3: Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prognosis. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Stoica T, Sutter E, Calarco R. GaN and InN Nanowires: Growth and Optoelectronic Properties. In: Trends in Nanophysics: Theory, Experiment and Technology. Bârsan V, Aldea A (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 73–96 (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Discover Simple Technique That Cuts Calories In Rice By 60% [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Based Infrared System High Program and its Alternative. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez AN. Connecting the Community: A Grant Proposal. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Golden Arms Tourney Continues a Quest. New York Times, 86 (2002).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology
ISSN (print)1747-4108
ISSN (online)1747-4116

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