How to format your references using the Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking G. Inorganic chemistry: Peculiar boron startles again. Nature. 2015;522:297–298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medzhitov R, Littman D. HIV immunology needs a new direction. Nature. 2008;455:591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz B, Häggström T, Tassinari M. Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite traces a major asteroid disruption event. Science. 2003;300:961–964.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thibert C, Teillet M-A, Lapointe F, et al. Inhibition of neuroepithelial patched-induced apoptosis by sonic hedgehog. Science. 2003;301:843–846.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yener M, Dundar O. Expert Android ® Studio. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Micheli L, Stein C, O’Brien M, et al., editors. Spinal Injuries and Conditions in Young Athletes. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Akkermans B. Property Law. In: Hage J, Akkermans B, editors. Introduction to Law. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 71–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Luntz S. North Korean Volcano Released Astonishing Amounts Of Sulfur, And Might Again. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: New Processing System Faces Uncertainties and Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996. Report No.: T-AIMD-96-47. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freeman J. The Loudest Room [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein N. 22 Unclaimed Bodies Endured a Grim Detour Before Burial. New York Times. 2016 Oct 27;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)1744-6651
ISSN (online)1744-8417
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles