How to format your references using the Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lingham-Soliar T. Comment on “A Jurassic ornithischian dinosaur from Siberia with both feathers and scales.” Science. 2014;346:434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chemla DS, Shah J. Many-body and correlation effects in semiconductors. Nature. 2001;411:549–557.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lehmann S, Jackson AD, Lautrup BE. Measures for measures. Nature. 2006;444:1003–1004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ying H, Jing F, Fanghui Z, et al. High-risk HPV nucleic acid detection kit-the careHPV test -a new detection method for screening. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:4704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore LA. Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2003.
An edited book
Matthäus-Maier I, Pischke JD von, editors. EU Accession — Financial Sector Opportunities and Challenges for Southeast Europe. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Kifer M, Smolka SA. Memory: Virtual Memory Management. In: Smolka SA, editor. Introduction to Operating System Design and Implementation: The OSP 2 Approach. London: Springer; 2007. p. 75–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The Strongest Evidence That Black Holes Are Not Completely Black [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Supplemental Information on the Federal Highway Administration’s Project Selection Process for Five Discretionary Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998. Report No.: RCED-98-179R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haigh CV. More Than Skin Deep: The Impact of Self-Esteem, Desire for Lighter Skin, and Gender on the Mental Health of University Students in Thailand [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Fox News Rivals See A Chance To Move In. New York Times. 2017 Apr 23;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Endocrinol. Metab.
ISSN (print)1744-6651
ISSN (online)1744-8417
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles