How to format your references using the Experimental Hematology & Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Hematology & Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baets R. Photonics: an ultra-small silicon laser. Nature. 2013;498:447–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hogan DA, Kolter R. Pseudomonas-Candida interactions: an ecological role for virulence factors. Science. 2002;296:2229–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yonekura K, Maki-Yonekura S, Namba K. Complete atomic model of the bacterial flagellar filament by electron cryomicroscopy. Nature. 2003;424:643–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhao T, Hou C, Zhang H, Zhu R, She S, Wang J, et al. Electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of amorphous carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Berto F. There’s Something about Gödel. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.
An edited book
1. Mimura N, editor. Asia-Pacific Coasts and Their Management: States of Environment. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kuosmanen T, Keshvari A, Matin RK. Discrete and Integer Valued Inputs and Outputs in Data Envelopment Analysis. In: Zhu J, editor. Data Envelopment Analysis: A Handbook of Models and Methods. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2015. p. 67–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Hematology & Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Create A “Bat Ear” That Lets You “See” What Bats Hear [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. 21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Feb. Report No.: GAO-05-325SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Norris C. What is Lost Along the Way [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M, Longman J. Elite Marathoner’s Failed Test Is Another Setback for Kenya. New York Times. 2014 Oct 31;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Hematology & Oncology
AbbreviationExp. Hematol. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2162-3619

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