How to format your references using the Experimental & Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental & Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sridhar D. Health policy: Regulate alcohol for global health. Nature 2012; 482: 302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin GM, Oshima J. Lessons from human progeroid syndromes. Nature 2000; 408: 263–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oerlemans J, Dahl-Jensen D, Masson-Delmotte V. Ice sheets and sea level. Science 2006; 313: 1043–5; author reply 1043-5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fan W, Waymire KG, Narula N, Li P, Rocher C, Coskun PE et al. A mouse model of mitochondrial disease reveals germline selection against severe mtDNA mutations. Science 2008; 319: 958–962.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn A, Pitt SJ. Parasitology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Defourny B, Terlaky T (eds.). Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: MOPTA, Bethlehem, PA, USA, August 2014 Selected Contributions. 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai W, Shalaev V. Magnetic Metamaterials. In: Shalaev V (ed). Optical Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer: New York, NY, 2010, pp 77–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental & Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Hit Back At Scottish Ban On Growing GM Crops. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Delayed-Baggage Trends and Options for Compensating Passengers. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keohane MF. Virtual team communication: Perceptions and experiences influencing the use of videoconferencing technology. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blinder A, Philipps D. Marine Crash Victims: Young Fathers, a Humming Sergeant, a Proud Texan. New York Times. 2017; : A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental & Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationExp. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1226-3613
ISSN (online)2092-6413
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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