How to format your references using the Experimental & Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental & Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sperandio V. Microbiology. Virulence or competition? Science 2012; 336: 1238–1239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ausländer S, Fussenegger M. Synthetic biology. Dynamic genome engineering in living cells. Science 2014; 346: 813–814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamaguchi M, Shiga M, Kaburaki H. Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system. Science 2005; 307: 393–397.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Anderson BJ, Acuña MH, Korth H, Purucker ME, Johnson CL, Slavin JA et al. The structure of Mercury’s magnetic field from MESSENGER’s first flyby. Science 2008; 321: 82–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häberlin H. Photovoltaics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Kanosue K, Oshima S, Cao Z-B, Oka K (eds.). Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health. Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagter R, Proper HA, Witte D. Developing the GEA Method – Design Science and Case-Study Research in Action. In: Franch X, Soffer P (eds). Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops: CAiSE 2013 International Workshops, Valencia, Spain, June 17-21, 2013. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013, pp 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental & Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J. Brain Scans May Be Able To Help Diagnose Babies At Risk Of Developing Autism. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladendorff MZ. The effect of North American Electric Reliability Corporation critical infrastructure protection standards on bulk electric system reliability. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cox R, Lee L, Maharg-Bravo F, Hay G. Dunkin’ Offers A Bubble Lesson. New York Times. 2011; : B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental & Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationExp. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1226-3613
ISSN (online)2092-6413
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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