How to format your references using the Evolution: Education and Outreach citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution: Education and Outreach. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Feldstein SB. Atmospheric science. Subtropical rainfall and the Antarctic ozone hole. Science. 2011 May 20;332(6032):925–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt PA, Hassold TJ. Sex matters in meiosis. Science. 2002 Jun 21;296(5576):2181–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen R-P, Chew K-H, He S. Dynamic control of collapse in a vortex Airy beam. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1406.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liang M, Li W, Tian H, Hu T, Wang L, Lin Y, et al. Sequential expression of long noncoding RNA as mRNA gene expression in specific stages of mouse spermatogenesis. Sci. Rep. 2014 Aug 6;4:5966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stephans RA. System Safety for the 21 st Century. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Luque G. Parallel Genetic Algorithms: Theory and Real World Applications. Alba E, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Frere SG, Chang-Ileto B, Di Paolo G. Role of Phosphoinositides at the Neuronal Synapse. In: Balla T, Wymann M, York JD, editors. Phosphoinositides II: The Diverse Biological Functions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 131–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution: Education and Outreach.

Blog post
Andrews R. North American Trees Won’t Save Us From Dangerous Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/north-american-trees-save-dangerous-climate-change/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Helium Program: Key Developments Since the Early 1990s and Future Considerations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 May. Report No.: GAO-10-700T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doyle JJ. Under the influence: High risk social networks and recidivism [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Embraceable Saris. New York Times. 2010 Oct 7;E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Feldstein 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Feldstein 2011; Hunt and Hassold 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Hassold 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Liang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution: Education and Outreach
AbbreviationEvolution (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1936-6426
ISSN (online)1936-6434
Scope

Other styles