How to format your references using the Evolution: Education and Outreach citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution: Education and Outreach. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi E. GENOMICS: Wellcome Trust Backs Genome Computation. Science. 2000 Jul 28;289(5479):525a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reznick DN, Ricklefs RE. Darwin’s bridge between microevolution and macroevolution. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):837–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang C, Zhong Z, Lieber CM. Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation-doped silicon nanowires. Science. 2005 Nov 25;310(5752):1304–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu JH, Miller SM, Geurts MH, Tang W, Chen L, Sun N, et al. Evolved Cas9 variants with broad PAM compatibility and high DNA specificity. Nature. 2018 Apr 5;556(7699):57–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce DR. Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Guveli A. Intergenerational Consequences of Migration: Socio-economic, Family and Cultural Patterns of Stability and Change in Turkey and Europe. Ganzeboom HBG, Platt L, Nauck B, Baykara-Krumme H, Eroğlu Ş, Bayrakdar S, et al., editors. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Quilici S, Atiama-Nurbel T, Brévault T. Plant Odors as Fruit Fly Attractants. In: Shelly T, Epsky N, Jang EB, Reyes-Flores J, Vargas R, editors. Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies: Lures, Area-Wide Programs, and Trade Implications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 119–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution: Education and Outreach.

Blog post
Luntz S. Sound Waves Break The Blood-Brain Barrier [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/sound-waves-break-blood-brain-barrier/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Emergency and State and Local Law Enforcement Systems: Committee Questions Concerning Year 2000 Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jul. Report No.: AIMD-99-247R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obakhume DA. An aftercare program for female survivors of domestic abuse: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Teaching Web-Savvy Students to Develop Fake-News Filters. New York Times. 2017 Mar 20;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pennisi 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Pennisi 2000; Reznick and Ricklefs 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reznick and Ricklefs 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution: Education and Outreach
AbbreviationEvolution (N. Y.)
ISSN (print)1936-6426
ISSN (online)1936-6434
Scope

Other styles