How to format your references using the Evolution & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Newman, A.V. 2011. Hidden depths. Nature 474: 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lovett, B.W., and Benjamin, S.C. 2009. Comment on “Multipartite entanglement among single spins in diamond.” Science 323: 1169; author reply 1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
McAlary, L., Yerbury, J.J., and Aquilina, J.A. 2013. Glutathionylation potentiates benign superoxide dismutase 1 variants to the toxic forms associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Sci. Rep. 3: 3275.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lan, P., Tan, M., Zhang, Y., Niu, S., Chen, J., Shi, S., Qiu, S., Wang, X., Peng, X., Cai, G., et al. 2018. Structural insight into precursor tRNA processing by yeast ribonuclease P. Science 362:.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, R.B., Breckon, T.P., Dawson-Howe, K., Fitzgibbon, A., Robertson, C., Trucco, E., and Williams, C.K.I. 2016. Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Eemeren, F. van 2009. Fallacies and Judgments of Reasonableness: Empirical Research Concerning the Pragma-Dialectical Discussion Rules (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands).
A chapter in an edited book
Pickett, C.A., Villines, T.C., and Taylor, A.J. 2013. Auscultation and Atherosclerosis. In Atherosclerosis: Clinical Perspectives Through Imaging, A.J. Taylor, and T.C. Villines, eds. (London: Springer), pp. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution & Development.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. 2016. Three Of Namibia’s Most Famous Lion Family Were Poisoned – Why? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992. Amtrak Training: Improvements Needed for Employees Who Inspect and Maintain Rail Equipment (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Partma, L. 2009. Media: Pretrial publicity and its effects. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2017. A Souped-Up Revival Roars in London. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Newman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lovett and Benjamin, 2009; Newman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lovett and Benjamin, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lan et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution & Development
AbbreviationEvol. Dev.
ISSN (print)1520-541X
ISSN (online)1525-142X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Developmental Biology

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