How to format your references using the Evolution & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baltimore, D. 2012. Retrospective. Renato Dulbecco (1914-2012). Science 335: 1587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephenson, N.L., and Das, A.J. 2011. Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’’ optimum elevations".” Science 334: 177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, W., Kinloch, I.A., and Windle, A.H. 2003. Nematic liquid crystallinity of multiwall carbon nanotubes. Science 302: 1363.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nong, G., Chen, S., Xu, Y., Huang, L., Zou, Q., Li, S., Mo, H., Zhu, P., Cen, W., and Wang, S. 2014. Artificial photosynthesis of oxalate and oxalate-based polymer by a photovoltaic reactor. Sci. Rep. 4: 3572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T. 2008. Building the Reflective Healthcare Organisation (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd).
An edited book
2014. Evidence-Based Approaches for the Treatment of Maltreated Children: Considering core components and treatment effectiveness (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands).
A chapter in an edited book
McGee, S., and Baudendistel, D. 2013. Chiari Malformation and Syringomyelia. In Nursing Care of the Pediatric Neurosurgery Patient, C.C. Cartwright, and D.C. Wallace, eds. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), pp. 141–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution & Development.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Gravitational Waves (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987. Youth Job Training: Problems Measuring Attainment of Employment Competencies (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, E.A. 2012. Assessing Leadership Behaviors and Demographic Characteristics of Project Managers Associated Through LinkedIn. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2015. Valentin Rasputin, ‘Village Prose’ Leader, Dies at 77. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baltimore, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Stephenson and Das, 2011; Baltimore, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephenson and Das, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Nong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution & Development
AbbreviationEvol. Dev.
ISSN (print)1520-541X
ISSN (online)1525-142X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Developmental Biology

Other styles