How to format your references using the Evolution & Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evolution & Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, H. 2014. China must continue the momentum of green law. Nature 509: 535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephanopoulos, G., and Kelleher, J. 2001. Biochemistry. How to make a superior cell. Science 292: 2024–2025.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ito, K., Uno, M., and Nakamura, Y. 2000. A tripeptide “anticodon” deciphers stop codons in messenger RNA. Nature 403: 680–684.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Neuser, K., Triphan, T., Mronz, M., Poeck, B., and Strauss, R. 2008. Analysis of a spatial orientation memory in Drosophila. Nature 453: 1244–1247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horton, I. 2010. Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2010 (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Bhagat, A. 2016. Foods of Non-Animal Origin: Chemistry, Technology, Inspection Procedures (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Hall, J.C. 2014. Skin Disease in Solid Organ Transplant Patients. In Skin Diseases in the Immunocompromised, J.C. Hall, ed. (London: Springer), pp. 55–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evolution & Development.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. Most Of Us Fit Into Four Personality Groups – Which One Are You? (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2006. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Preliminary Analysis of Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ameen, U. 2012. Social and political climates’ influence on Muslim American students’ intersectional identity. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. 2007. Five Smart Moves and Five Big Mistakes. New York Times F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Stephanopoulos and Kelleher, 2001; Yang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephanopoulos and Kelleher, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Neuser et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvolution & Development
AbbreviationEvol. Dev.
ISSN (print)1520-541X
ISSN (online)1525-142X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Developmental Biology

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