How to format your references using the European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenzweig A. Medicine. Cardiac regeneration. Science 2012;338:1549–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheldon BC, Mangel M. Behavioural ecology: Love thy neighbour. Nature 2014;512:381–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grund T, Waloszek C, Helbing D. How natural selection can create both self- and other-regarding preferences, and networked minds. Sci Rep 2013;3:1480.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Russell AF, Langmore NE, Cockburn A, Astheimer LB, Kilner RM. Reduced egg investment can conceal helper effects in cooperatively breeding birds. Science 2007;317:941–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernstein L, Yuhas CM. Trustworthy Systems through Quantitative Software Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Singh R, Vatsa M, Majumdar A, Kumar A, editors. Machine Intelligence and Signal Processing. vol. 390. 1st ed. 2016. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Baviera R, La Bua G, Pellicioli P. CVA with Wrong-Way Risk in the Presence of Early Exercise. In: Glau K, Grbac Z, Scherer M, Zagst R, editors. Innovations in Derivatives Markets: Fixed Income Modeling, Valuation Adjustments, Risk Management, and Regulation, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 103–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch Tony Hawk Ride A Real Hoverboard. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Correctional Institutions Can Do More To Improve the Employability of Offenders. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Born KB. Student and Principal Perceptions of the California High School Proficiency Examination in Community Schools: A Case Study. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Plumer B. Trump Has Choice to Make Between Science and His Base. New York Times 2017:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine
ISSN (print)2212-764X
ScopeHealth Informatics
Health Information Management

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