How to format your references using the European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wible B. Rio+20. Science for sustainable development. Science 2012;336:1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hastings A, Palmer MA. Mathematics and biology. A bright future for biologists and mathematicians? Science 2003;299:2003–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood ZA, Poole LB, Karplus PA. Peroxiredoxin evolution and the regulation of hydrogen peroxide signaling. Science 2003;300:650–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Qu T, Yang K, Han X, Wu S, Huang Y, Luo H. Design of a superluminal ring laser gyroscope using multilayer optical coatings with huge group delay. Sci Rep 2014;4:7098.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkataraman K. Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Lambris JD, Hajishengallis G, editors. Current Topics in Innate Immunity II. vol. 946. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Gao Q, Zhang W, Tian F. Revolutionary Legal System: From Common Program to 1975 Constitution. In: Zhang W, Tian F, editors. The Road to the Rule of Law in Modern China, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 61–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine.

Blog post
Fang J. Doctors Announce World’s First Successful Penis Transplant. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Investment: A Governmentwide Overview. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds PE. Learning the Ropes: A Grounded Theory Study of Children Crossing Cultures. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slivka K. First Half of Year Hottest On Record. New York Times 2012:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine
ISSN (print)2212-764X
ScopeHealth Informatics
Health Information Management

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