How to format your references using the European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arthur C. Academics should not remain silent on hacking. Nature 2013;504:333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Short J, Murray S. A frozen hell. Nature 2011;472:162–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richmond BJ, Liu Z, Shidara M. Neuroscience. Predicting future rewards. Science 2003;301:179–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Livet J, Weissman TA, Kang H, Draft RW, Lu J, Bennis RA, et al. Transgenic strategies for combinatorial expression of fluorescent proteins in the nervous system. Nature 2007;450:56–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Etten WC. Introduction to Random Signals and Noise. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Antonopoulos N, Gillam L, editors. Cloud Computing: Principles, Systems and Applications. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Szymanek A. “Defence-in-Depth” Strategy in Transport Risk Management. In: Mikulski J, editor. Transport Systems Telematics: 10th Conference, TST 2010, Katowice – Ustroń, Poland, October 20-23, 2010. Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 51–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine.

Blog post
Hale T. Open Internet Campaigners Celebrate New EU Net Neutrality Guidelines. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit Grants: Risk of Misspent and Ineffectively Used Funds in FTA’s Chicago Region. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Staal J. The Relationships Among Sleep Quality, Frailty, and Falls in Older Adults Residing in the Community. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM. For the Aged, Self-Driving Cars Could Bridge a Mobility Gap. New York Times 2017:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Research in Telemedicine/La Recherche Européenne en Télémédecine
ISSN (print)2212-764X
ScopeHealth Informatics
Health Information Management

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