How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S. (2014). Microbiome: A complicated relationship status. Nature, 508(7496), S61-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dulvy, N. K., & Kindsvater, H. K. (2015). Ecology: Recovering the potential of coral reefs. Nature, 520(7547), 304–305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto, H., Watanabe, Y., & Kumazawa, K. (2004). Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before approximately 1.8 billion years ago. Nature, 429(6990), 395–399.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guo, Q., Kelt, D. A., Sun, Z., Liu, H., Hu, L., Ren, H., & Wen, J. (2013). Global variation in elevational diversity patterns. Scientific Reports, 3, 3007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hinkelmann, K., & Kempthorne, O. (2005). Design and Analysis of Experiments: Advanced Experimental Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vilar, R. (Ed.). (2008). Recognition of Anions (Vol. 129). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Iafrate, F., Stagnitti, A., & Laghi, A. (2008). Preparazione del paziente e altri aspetti pratici. In R. Passariello (Ed.), La colonscopia virtuale (pp. 43–53). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 18). The Winners Of The Wildlife Photographer Of The Year Awards Are Absolutely Spectacular. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Electronic Government: Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Office of Personnel Management’s Initiatives (GAO-03-1169T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, A. N. (2017). A Diastereomeric Strategy in the Construction of Homochiral Metal-Organic Architectures [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., & Baker, A. L. (2017, July 5). Police Officer Is ‘Murdered for Her Uniform’ at Post in the Bronx. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (DeWeerdt, 2014; Dulvy & Kindsvater, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dulvy & Kindsvater, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Ohmoto et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling
AbbreviationEur. J. Psychother. Couns.
ISSN (print)1364-2537
ISSN (online)1469-5901
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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