How to format your references using the European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodby, J. W. (2004). Obituary: Sivaramakrishna Chandrasekhar (1930-2004). Nature, 428(6986), 906.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hatton, R. D., & Weaver, C. T. (2003). Immunology. T-bet or not T-bet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5647), 993–994.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang, C.-S., Shemorry, A., & Varshavsky, A. (2010). N-terminal acetylation of cellular proteins creates specific degradation signals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5968), 973–977.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Domack, E., Duran, D., Leventer, A., Ishman, S., Doane, S., McCallum, S., Amblas, D., Ring, J., Gilbert, R., & Prentice, M. (2005). Stability of the Larsen B ice shelf on the Antarctic Peninsula during the Holocene epoch. Nature, 436(7051), 681–685.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glasgow, L. A. (2014). Applied Mathematics for Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Falanga, M., Belloni, T., Casella, P., Gilfanov, M., Jonker, P., & King, A. (Eds.). (2015). The Physics of Accretion onto Black Holes (Vol. 49). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Selden, C. (2005). Bioartificial Liver. In V. Nedović & R. Willaert (Eds.), Applications of Cell Immobilisation Biotechnology (pp. 69–83). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 11). Brain Injury Releases Astonishing Mathematical Powers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Highway Infrastructure: FHWA’s Model for Estimating Highway Needs Is Generally Reasonable, Despite Limitations (RCED-00-133). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cosma, A. C. (2019). Real-Time Individual Thermal Preferences Prediction Using Visual Sensors [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., & Kramer, A. E. (2012, February 5). In Biting Cold, Protesters Pack the Center of Moscow to Rally Against Putin. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodby, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Goodby, 2004; Hatton & Weaver, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hatton & Weaver, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Hwang et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Domack et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling
AbbreviationEur. J. Psychother. Couns.
ISSN (print)1364-2537
ISSN (online)1469-5901
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles