How to format your references using the European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Showman AP. Astrophysics: Portrait of a dynamic neighbour. Nature 2014;505:625–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerman GA, Weyrich AS. Immunology. Arsonists in rheumatoid arthritis. Science 2010;327:528–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pinker RT, Zhang B, Dutton EG. Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation? Science 2005;308:850–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wingham DJ, Siegert MJ, Shepherd A, Muir AS. Rapid discharge connects Antarctic subglacial lakes. Nature 2006;440:1033–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dinçer İ, Zamfirescu C. Drying Phenomena. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Pisegna JR, editor. Management of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
García-Molina V, Esplugas S. Application of Wet Oxidation to Remove Trace Pollutants from Wastewater. In: Lofrano G, editor. Green Technologies for Wastewater Treatment: Energy Recovery and Emerging Compounds Removal, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X.

Blog post
Andrew E. This Father’s Day, Be Grateful Your Dad Is A Human. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA ADP Systems: Information on the Automated Mission and Payload Tracking System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boggs BD. An assessment of campus police departments across Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Dog’s Death After Westminster Has Handler Suspecting It Wasn’t an Accident. New York Times 2013:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1613

Other styles