How to format your references using the European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henrich J. Psychology. Rice, psychology, and innovation. Science 2014;344:593–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temel Y, Jahanshahi A. Neuroscience. Treating brain disorders with neuromodulation. Science 2015;347:1418–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schaedler TA, Jacobsen AJ, Carter WB. Materials science. Toward lighter, stiffer materials. Science 2013;341:1181–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kanold PO, Kara P, Reid RC, Shatz CJ. Role of subplate neurons in functional maturation of visual cortical columns. Science 2003;301:521–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wartenberg TE. A Sneetch Is a Sneetch and Other Philosophical Discoveries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Klees SJ, Samoff J, Stromquist NP, editors. The World Bank and Education: Critiques and Alternatives. vol. 14. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Dana RH. Transitions in Psychotherapy, Clinical Diagnosis, and Assessment. In: Dana RH, Allen J, editors. Cultural Competency Training in a Global Society, New York, NY: Springer; 2009, p. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Is The Dark Web And How Does It Work? IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Gender Equity: Men’s and Women’s Participation in Higher Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theis JY. Accessing mental health services among Asian American adults: Evidence from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Measure in Florida That Claims to Support Solar Power Could Discourage It. New York Times 2016:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology: X
ISSN (print)2590-1613

Other styles