How to format your references using the European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alford MH. Redistribution of energy available for ocean mixing by long-range propagation of internal waves. Nature 2003;423:159–62.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis KJ, Birks HJB. What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. Science 2006;314:1261–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mueller K, Hough SE, Bilham R. Analysing the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes with recent instrumentally recorded aftershocks. Nature 2004;429:284–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
He Y, Li H, Jiang Y, Li X, Bian X. Liquid-liquid phase transition and structure inheritance in carbon films. Sci Rep 2014;4:3635.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahlemeyer-Stubbe A, Coleman S. A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Raghavendra P, Raskhodnikova S, Jansen K, Rolim JDP, editors. Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques: 16th International Workshop, APPROX 2013, and 17th International Workshop, RANDOM 2013, Berkeley, CA, USA, August 21-23, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 8096. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdelli A. Towards a General Model to Handle Multi-enabledness in Time Petri Nets. In: Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH, editors. Formalisms for Reuse and Systems Integration, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 103–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology.

Blog post
Davis J. Global Marine Populations Have Halved Since 1970. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Improving NASA’s Planning for External Maintenance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall KE. Transformational leadership practices of African-American ministers at predominantly African American Churches of Christ in Nashville, TN. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Prep School Game Introduces Motivation Skills to Inner City Children. New York Times 2002:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
AbbreviationEur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
ISSN (print)0301-2115
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles