How to format your references using the European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology (EUJMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Landsea CW: Meteorology: hurricanes and global warming. Nature 438, E11-2; discussion E13 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulz HN, Schulz HD: Large sulfur bacteria and the formation of phosphorite. Science 307, 416–418 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Aviezer H, Trope Y, Todorov A: Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions. Science 338, 1225–1229 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chmiola J, Yushin G, Gogotsi Y, Portet C, Simon P, Taberna PL: Anomalous increase in carbon capacitance at pore sizes less than 1 nanometer. Science 313, 1760–1763 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arthur D. Little, Inc. (2010): Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Taylor AJ, Villines TC eds (2013): Atherosclerosis: Clinical Perspectives Through Imaging. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Mileff P, Dudra J (2014): Advanced 2D Rasterization on Modern CPUs. In: Applied Information Science, Engineering and Technology: Selected Topics from the Field of Production Information Engineering and IT for Manufacturing: Theory and Practice, Bognár G and Tóth T, eds. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Dengue Fever Vaccine Trial Shows Promise,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004): Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Acquisition Management Has Improved, but Policies and Oversight Need Strengthening to Help Ensure Results. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillaspy KMWords of Samsara, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney KScones Upon Scones, Sold at the Shore, (2009)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
AbbreviationEur. J. Microbiol. Immunol. (Bp.)
ISSN (print)2062-509X
ISSN (online)2062-8633

Other styles