How to format your references using the European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology (EUJMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx V: When disease strikes from nowhere. Nature 513, 445–448 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Klug Boonstra S, Christensen P: IBI series winner. Mars Student Imaging Project: real research by secondary students. Science 339, 920–921 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Church GM, Gao Y, Kosuri S: Next-generation digital information storage in DNA. Science 337, 1628 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmidt PO, Rosenband T, Langer C, Itano WM, Bergquist JC, Wineland DJ: Spectroscopy using quantum logic. Science 309, 749–752 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todeschini R, Baccini A (2016): Handbook of Bibliometric Indicators. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Holzinger A, Pasi G eds (2013): Human-Computer Interaction and Knowledge Discovery in Complex, Unstructured, Big Data: Third International Workshop, HCI-KDD 2013, Held at SouthCHI 2013, Maribor, Slovenia, July 1-3, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Fyfe C (2005): Artificial Neural Networks. In: Do Smart Adaptive Systems Exist?: Best Practice for Selection and Combination of Intelligent Methods, Gabrys B, Leiviskä K, and Strackeljan J, eds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1967): Comments on Legality of NASA Contracts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Donihoo KBest Practices and Strategies Used by Church Leaders to Mitigate and Prevent Burnout Among Church Volunteers, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander SWith More Ice Time, Cohen Looks Ahead, (2002)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
AbbreviationEur. J. Microbiol. Immunol. (Bp.)
ISSN (print)2062-509X
ISSN (online)2062-8633

Other styles