How to format your references using the European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology (EUJMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mejia R: Human rights: from accountability to rebuilding. Science 313, 289 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Prins G, Rayner S: Time to ditch Kyoto. Nature 449, 973–975 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylinskii A, Gangloff D, Vuletić V: Friction. Tuning friction atom-by-atom in an ion-crystal simulator. Science 348, 1115–1118 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Idnurm A, Walton FJ, Floyd A, Heitman J: Identification of the sex genes in an early diverged fungus. Nature 451, 193–196 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taroni F, Biedermann A, Bozza S, Garbolino P, Aitken C (2014): Bayesian Networks for Probabilistic Inference and Decision Analysis in Forensic Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
David E, Kiekintveld C, Robu V, Shehory O, Stein S eds (2013): Agent-Mediated Electronic Commerce. Designing Trading Strategies and Mechanisms for Electronic Markets: AMEC and TADA 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 4th, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Gan L, Yin Z, Jia N, Xu S, Ma S, Zheng L (2014): Household Debts. In: Data you need to know about China: Research Report of China Household Finance Survey•2012, Yin Z, Jia N, Xu S, Ma S, and Zheng L, eds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 133–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology.

Blog post
Andrews R: How Many Calories Does Having Sex Really Burn?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996): Amendment of FCC Rules to Deregulate the Equipment Authorization Requirements for Digital Devices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ebrahimi AA recreational and vocational program for foster youth who reside in group homes: A grant proposal, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey GGermany Can Inflict Pain on the U.S., as It Has Before, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
AbbreviationEur. J. Microbiol. Immunol. (Bp.)
ISSN (print)2062-509X
ISSN (online)2062-8633

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