How to format your references using the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mirkin SM. DNA replication: driving past four-stranded snags. Nature. 2013 May 23;497(7450):449–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fang J, McCutchan TF. Thermoregulation in a parasite’s life cycle. Nature. 2002 Aug 15;418(6899):742.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weir AAS, Chappell J, Kacelnik A. Shaping of hooks in New Caledonian crows. Science. 2002 Aug 9;297(5583):981.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dillehay TD, Rossen J, Andres TC, Williams DE. Preceramic adoption of peanut, squash, and cotton in northern Peru. Science. 2007 Jun 29;316(5833):1890–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jufer M. Electric Drives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Aßmann U, Bartho A, Wende C, editors. Reasoning Web. Semantic Technologies for Software Engineering: 6th International Summer School 2010, Dresden, Germany, August 30 - September 3, 2010. Tutorial Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. IX, 183 p. 52 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6325).
A chapter in an edited book
LeBlanc M-A, Pickett J. Advocating for Rectal Microbicides and Safe Lubricants. In: Eaton LA, Kalichman SC, editors. Biomedical Advances in HIV Prevention: Social and Behavioral Perspectives. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Do Honey Bees Make Hexagonal Honeycomb? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Enhanced Its Canine Program, but Opportunities May Exist to Reduce Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Mar. Report No.: GAO-16-444T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson C. Psycho-socio-cultural risk factors for breech presentation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J. Headaches Await a New E.U. Leader. New York Times. 2017 Jan 17;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
AbbreviationEur. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0954-691X
ISSN (online)1473-5687

Other styles