How to format your references using the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schon G. Superconducting nanowires. Nature. 2000 Apr 27;404(6781):948–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhan Z, Barnett SA. An octane-fueled solid oxide fuel cell. Science. 2005 May 6;308(5723):844–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tamisiea ME, Mitrovica JX, Davis JL. GRACE gravity data constrain ancient ice geometries and continental dynamics over Laurentia. Science. 2007 May 11;316(5826):881–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang K, Wang L, Hu Z, Cheng F, Chen J. Ultrasmall Li2S nanoparticles anchored in graphene nanosheets for high-energy lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 25;4:6467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heywood J. Engineering Education. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Macintyre M, Parry G, Angelis J, editors. Service Design and Delivery. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. XXII, 170 p. (Service Science: Research and Innovations in the Service Economy).
A chapter in an edited book
Kühn H, Karst F, Heydeck D. Catalytic Multiplicity of 15-Lipoxygenase-1 Orthologs (ALOX15) of Different Species. In: Steinhilber D, editor. Lipoxygenases in Inflammation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 47–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Watch A Taser Strike Human Skin In Slow Motion [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jan. Report No.: RCED-93-89R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoffer H. Aesthetics of destruction: Music and the worldview of Ikari Shinji in “Neon Genesis Evangelion” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Our Monster Sorority. New York Times. 2016 Oct 1;SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
AbbreviationEur. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0954-691X
ISSN (online)1473-5687

Other styles