How to format your references using the Ethique et Santé citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethique et Santé. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford H. Ahead of the pack. Nature 2009;459:286–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brossard D, Scheufele DA. Social science. Science, new media, and the public. Science 2013;339:40–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mourre V, Villa P, Henshilwood CS. Early use of pressure flaking on lithic artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa. Science 2010;330:659–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu Z, Huang X-L, Wang Z-L, Xu J-J, Wang H-G, Zhang X-B. Electrostatic induced stretch growth of homogeneous β-Ni(OH)2 on graphene with enhanced high-rate cycling for supercapacitors. Sci Rep 2014;4:3669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramamoorti S, Morrison DE III, Koletar JW, Pope KR. A.B.C.’s of Behavioral Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Maeno T, Sawatani Y, Hara T, editors. Serviceology for Designing the Future: Selected and Edited Papers of the 2nd International Conference on Serviceology. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinsker R. A Theoretical Framework for Examining the Corporate Adoption Decision Involving XBRL as a Continuous Disclosure Reporting Technology. In: Felden C, Piechocki M, editors. New Dimensions of Business Reporting and XBRL, Wiesbaden: DUV; 2007, p. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethique et Santé.

Blog post
Andrew E. Abrupt Climate Warming, Not Cold Snaps, Kicked Off Megafauna Extinction: Study. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Vocational Rehabilitation: Better Measures and Monitoring Could Improve the Performance of the VR Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales CJ. Can early-life activity behavior predict adult compliance with an exercise program in later life? Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Is ‘As the [Trump] World Turns’ at ‘The Edge of Night’? New York Times 2017:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEthique et Santé
AbbreviationEthique Sante
ISSN (print)1765-4629
ScopeHealth Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

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