How to format your references using the Ethique et Santé citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethique et Santé. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. Biomedical funding remains flat. Nature 2006;439:644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hogg RC, Bertrand D. Neuroscience. What genes tell us about nicotine addiction. Science 2004;306:983–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wahl ER, Ritson DM, Ammann CM. Comment on “Reconstructing past climate from noisy data.” Science 2006;312:529; author reply 529.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu Q-B, Wo Y, Wang L-Y, Wang H-Y, Huang D-D, Zhang X-A, et al. Molecular epidemiology of human rhinovirus in children with acute respiratory diseases in Chongqing, China. Sci Rep 2014;4:6686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanna VK. Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Sutter-Dallay A-L, Glangeaud-Freudenthal NM-C, Guedeney A, Riecher-Rössler A, editors. Joint Care of Parents and Infants in Perinatal Psychiatry. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Chesti M-U-H, Qadri TN, Hamid A, Qadri J, Azooz MM, Ahmad P. Role of Bio-fertilizers in Crop Improvement. In: Hakeem KR, Ahmad P, Ozturk M, editors. Crop Improvement: New Approaches and Modern Techniques, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013, p. 189–208.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethique et Santé.

Blog post
Andrew E. Expert Panel Slams WHO Over Ebola Response. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computerized Hospital Medical Information Systems Need Further Evaluation To Ensure Benefits From Huge Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boysen J. The ESCRT machinery, required for endosomal trafficking, is a pH-signaling platform. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. After a Pension Fraud Case, Wondering Who’s Up Next. New York Times 2010:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEthique et Santé
AbbreviationEthique Sante
ISSN (print)1765-4629
ScopeHealth Policy
Issues, ethics and legal aspects
Health(social science)

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