How to format your references using the Epilepsy & Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epilepsy & Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Solow AR. Global warming: A call for peace on climate and conflict. Nature 2013;497:179–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bellows DS, Tyers M. Cell biology. Chemical genetics hits. Science 2004;306:67–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tateishi-Karimata H, Nakano M, Sugimoto N. Comparable stability of Hoogsteen and Watson-Crick base pairs in ionic liquid choline dihydrogen phosphate. Sci Rep 2014;4:3593.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ross SR, Lukas KE, Lonsdorf EV, Stoinski TS, Hare B, Shumaker R, et al. Science priorities. Inappropriate use and portrayal of chimpanzees. Science 2008;319:1487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant FM. Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Witzany G, editor. Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms. vol. 23. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Majtner T, Yildirim-Yayilgan S, Hardeberg JY. Efficient Melanoma Detection Using Texture-Based RSurf Features. In: Campilho A, Karray F, editors. Image Analysis and Recognition: 13th International Conference, ICIAR 2016, in Memory of Mohamed Kamel, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, July 13-15, 2016, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 30–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epilepsy & Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Plants Respond To Damage Is Dependent On The Type of Insect Harming It. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Response to Request for Comments on Federal Contribution to Corporation for Public Broadcasting]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills CC. Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith R, Chan S. Fatal Concert Blast Is Called Terror. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpilepsy & Behavior
AbbreviationEpilepsy Behav.
ISSN (print)1525-5050
ScopeClinical Neurology
Behavioral Neuroscience

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