How to format your references using the Epilepsy & Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epilepsy & Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nathan C. Microbiology. An antibiotic mimics immunity. Science 2008;322:1337–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurtz J, Franz K. Innate defence: evidence for memory in invertebrate immunity. Nature 2003;425:37–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry JB, Schurig D, Smith DR. Controlling electromagnetic fields. Science 2006;312:1780–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sato Y, Yoshikawa A, Yamagata A, Mimura H, Yamashita M, Ookata K, et al. Structural basis for specific cleavage of Lys 63-linked polyubiquitin chains. Nature 2008;455:358–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Desai J. Innovation Engine. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Yarchoan R, editor. Cancers in People with HIV and AIDS: Progress and Challenges. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Samanta L. Proteomics in Assisted Reproduction. In: Samanta L, Bertolla RP, Durairajanayagam D, Intasqui P, editors. Proteomics in Human Reproduction: Biomarkers for Millennials, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 65–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epilepsy & Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz S. Bigger Wasn’t Better For Early Humans. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Changes Needed in Administering Relief to Industries Hurt by Overseas Competition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenhall JA. Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside K. With City Passing By in a Blur, a Star Adds Yet Another Title. New York Times 2016:F2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpilepsy & Behavior
AbbreviationEpilepsy Behav.
ISSN (print)1525-5050
ScopeClinical Neurology
Behavioral Neuroscience

Other styles