How to format your references using the Epilepsy & Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epilepsy & Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kling J. Careers in systems biology. Working the systems. Science 2006;311:1305–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dennis C, Surridge C. Arabidopsis thaliana genome. Introduction. Nature 2000;408:791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang Z, Kotov NA, Giersig M. Spontaneous organization of single CdTe nanoparticles into luminescent nanowires. Science 2002;297:237–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou Y, Han S-T, Yan Y, Huang L-B, Zhou L, Huang J, et al. Solution processed molecular floating gate for flexible flash memories. Sci Rep 2013;3:3093.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Egan WF. Advanced Frequency Synthesis by Phase Lock. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Ďuranová L. Persistent Work-related Technology Use, Recovery and Well-being Processes: Focus on Supplemental Work After Hours. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein A. BPS-MAC: Backoff Preamble Based MAC Protocol with Sequential Contention Resolution. In: Sacchi C, Bellalta B, Vinel A, Schlegel C, Granelli F, Zhang Y, editors. Multiple Access Communications: 4th International Workshop, MACOM 2011, Trento, Italy, September 12-13, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epilepsy & Behavior.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Yes, You Can Grow Potatoes On Mars. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federally Leased Vehicles: Agencies Should Strengthen Assessment Processes to Reduce Underutilized Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fregoso J. Through the pipeline: Degree aspirations of African American and Latino males enrolled in California community colleges. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Debate on Pulling Back From Paris Climate Deal Could Turn on a Single Phrase. New York Times 2017:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpilepsy & Behavior
AbbreviationEpilepsy Behav.
ISSN (print)1525-5050
ScopeClinical Neurology
Behavioral Neuroscience

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