How to format your references using the Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Vries S. Plant science: Precision positioning with peptides. Nature 2015;522:424–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henikoff S, Malik HS. Centromeres: selfish drivers. Nature 2002;417:227.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gurley KA, Rink JC, Sánchez Alvarado A. Beta-catenin defines head versus tail identity during planarian regeneration and homeostasis. Science 2008;319:323–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Najiminaini M, Kaminska B, St Lawrence K, Carson JJL. Bolus tracking with nanofilter-based multispectral videography for capturing microvasculature hemodynamics. Sci Rep 2014;4:4737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Souza de Cursi E. Variational Methods for Engineers with Matlab®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Wallace TC. Dietary Supplement Regulation in the United States. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Lambert M, Naber D. Quick Reference. In: Lambert M, editor. Current Schizophrenia, Heidelberg: Springer Healthcare UK; 2012, p. 157–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports.

Blog post
Andrew E. Ozone Layer Showing Signs Of Recovery. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Methodology Used in Lease-Versus-Purchase Decision for Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland EJ. A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Everybody Into the Pool. New York Times 2002:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
AbbreviationEpilepsy Behav. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-3232

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