How to format your references using the Epigenetics & Chromatin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Epigenetics & Chromatin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Huntress WT Jr. Planetary science. Human space exploration is about more than just science. Science. 2003;301:771.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jung J, Bonini N. CREB-binding protein modulates repeat instability in a Drosophila model for polyQ disease. Science. 2007;315:1857–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gilbert IR, Jarvis PG, Smith H. Proximity signal and shade avoidance differences between early and late successional trees. Nature. 2001;411:792–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kuwayama Y, Hirose K, Sata N, Ohishi Y. The pyrite-type high-pressure form of silica. Science. 2005;309:923–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wolf EL. Nanophysics of Solar and Renewable Energy. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1. Maicher L, Sigel A, Garshol LM, editors. Leveraging the Semantics of Topic Maps: Second International Conference on Topic Maps Research and Applications, TMRA 2006, Leipzig, Germany, October 11-12, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Andresen M, Bodine G, Concannon C, Korhammer R, LaBranche M, Redfearn B. Electronic Trading. In: Schwartz RA, Byrne JA, Colaninno A, editors. Electronic vs Floor Based Trading. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Epigenetics & Chromatin.

Blog post
1. Fang J. How A Journalist Tricked Millions Of People Into Thinking Chocolate Helps Weight Loss. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-752R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Parisi J. Correlation of Conditional Admittance and Student Achievement in an Undergraduate Higher Education Setting [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shpigel B. Aim That Kick Just to the Left of Those Flutists. New York Times. 2016 Nov 10;SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEpigenetics & Chromatin
AbbreviationEpigenetics Chromatin
ISSN (online)1756-8935
Molecular Biology

Other styles