How to format your references using the Épidémiologie et Santé Animale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E. - Biologists wary that cash up front could mean cuts later. Nature, 2003, 421 (6924), 677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giles J., Knight J. - Dolly’s death leaves researchers woolly on clone ageing issue. Nature, 2003, 421 (6925), 776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hess K.L., Corda C.J., Lanese K.M. - SPORE series winner. Science Buddies: advancing informal science education. Science, 2011, 332 (6029), 550–551.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Tadaki K. et al. - The gravitationally unstable gas disk of a starburst galaxy 12 billion years ago. Nature, 2018, 560 (7720), 613–616.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan W. - Crop Variety Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Quirk S. - Deep-Sky Video Astronomy. ed. Steve Massey, Springer, New York, NY, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Jendek E., Poláková J. - Catalog Host Plant – Agrilus. In : Host Plants of World Agrilus (Coleoptera, Buprestidae): A Critical Review. ed. Janka Poláková. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014, 403–513.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale.

Blog post
Luntz S. - Despite The Hype, Fewer Millennials Are Having Sex Than Predecessors. IFLScience, 2016,. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office - Status of Trident and SSN-688 Submarine Construction. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peto J. - A defense of Donald Davidson’s dissolution to the problem of global skepticism. 2009,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman J.L. - A Prolific Architect’s Groundbreaking Roots. New York Times, 2017, TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleÉpidémiologie et Santé Animale
ISSN (print)0754-2186

Other styles