How to format your references using the Épidémiologie et Santé Animale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foote J. - Immunology. Isomeric antibodies. Science, 2003, 299 (5611), 1327–1328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shlomai A., Rice C.M. - Virology. Getting rid of a persistent troublemaker to cure hepatitis. Science, 2014, 343 (6176), 1212–1213.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kryazhimskiy S., Draghi J.A., Plotkin J.B. - Evolution. In evolution, the sum is less than its parts. Science, 2011, 332 (6034), 1160–1161.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
de Marcillac P., Coron N., Dambier G., Leblanc J., Moalic J.-P. - Experimental detection of alpha-particles from the radioactive decay of natural bismuth. Nature, 2003, 422 (6934), 876–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulaev I.S., Vagabov V.M., Kulakovskaya T.V. - The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
White J., Smythe G., eds. - Growth Factors and Cytokines in Skeletal Muscle Development, Growth, Regeneration and Disease. 1st ed. 2016., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Selvi S.S.D., Vivek S.S., Vinayagamurthy D., Rangan C.P. - ID Based Signcryption Scheme in Standard Model. In : Provable Security: 6th International Conference, ProvSec 2012, Chengdu, China, September 26-28, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, eds. Tsuyoshi Takagi, Guilin Wang, Zhiguang Qin, Shaoquan Jiang, et Yong Yu. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, 35–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale.

Blog post
Luntz S. - Solar Storms Could Hit Earth This Friday 13th. IFLScience, 2014,. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office - Consolidation Loan Borrower Interest Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson P.T. - Sound as a gateway to a personal relationship with nature. 2008,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Rothenberg B. - Win Doesn’t Quiet Talk Over a Suspicious Loss. New York Times, 2017, SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleÉpidémiologie et Santé Animale
ISSN (print)0754-2186

Other styles