How to format your references using the Épidémiologie et Santé Animale citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam D. - Royal Institution’s director blasts scientific sexism. Nature, 2002, 420 (6915), 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger A.N., Levine M. - Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo. Science, 2009, 325 (5939), 471–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jewitt D., Aussel H., Evans A. - The size and albedo of the Kuiper-belt object (20000) Varuna. Nature, 2001, 411 (6836), 446–447.
A journal article with 15 or more authors
Sato K., Aoki K., Watanabe Y.Y., Miller P.J.O. - Neutral buoyancy is optimal to minimize the cost of transport in horizontally swimming seals. Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, 2205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young S., Bramham J. - Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for ADHD in Adolescents and Adults. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Chichilnisky G., Rezai A., eds. - The Economics of the Global Environment: Catastrophic Risks in Theory and Policy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Falou O., Sadeghi-Naini A., Al-Mahrouki A., Kolios M.C., Czarnota G.J. - Quantitative Ultrasound and Cell Death. In : Quantitative Ultrasound in Soft Tissues. eds. Jonathan Mamou et Michael L. Oelze. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013, 95–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Épidémiologie et Santé Animale.

Blog post
Andrews R. - Deep Ancient Water Is Stopping The Antarctic Ocean From Warming. IFLScience, 2016,. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office - Resolution Trust Corporation: Stronger Information Technology Leadership Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conner P.A. - The STAR Math test as a predictor of Arkansas BenchmarkTest scores. 2009,.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY J.C. Jr - Man Convicted of Murder in Patz Case Is Sentenced to 25 Years to Life. New York Times, 2017, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleÉpidémiologie et Santé Animale
ISSN (print)0754-2186

Other styles