How to format your references using the Environnement, Risques & Santé citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environnement, Risques & Santé. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould J. The cannabis crop. Nature 2015 ; 525 : S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottifredi V, Prives C. Molecular biology. Getting p53 out of the nucleus. Science 2001 ; 292 : 1851–1852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell RN, Kilian TM, Evans DAD. Supercontinent cycles and the calculation of absolute palaeolongitude in deep time. Nature 2012 ; 482 : 208–211.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu KJ, Arron JR, Stankunas K, et al. Chemical rescue of cleft palate and midline defects in conditional GSK-3beta mice. Nature 2007 ; 446 : 79–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baher H. Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012 : p.
An edited book
Krugman RD, Korbin JE eds. C. Henry Kempe: A 50 Year Legacy to the Field of Child Abuse and Neglect. Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2013 : XXIV, 272 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Stankovic AV, Schreiber D, Wu S. Control Methods for Grid Side Converters under Unbalanced Operating Conditions in Wind Power Applications. In : Wang L, editor. Modeling and Control of Sustainable Power Systems: Towards Smarter and Greener Electric Grids. Green Energy and Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer, 2012 : 127–153.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environnement, Risques & Santé.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Check Out This Amazing Footage Of Blue Origin’s Rocket Landing From Space. IFLScience 2016 ;.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Improvements in the Direct Loan Consolidation Process. Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998 : p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach KM. Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Lessons From a Master Shopper. New York Times 2013 ; E14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironnement, Risques & Santé
ISSN (print)1635-0421
ISSN (online)1952-3398

Other styles