How to format your references using the Environnement, Risques & Santé citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environnement, Risques & Santé. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glaeser E. Cities, productivity, and quality of life. Science 2011 ; 333 : 592–594.
A journal article with 2 authors
Young IM, Crawford JW. Interactions and self-organization in the soil-microbe complex. Science 2004 ; 304 : 1634–1637.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ho VM, Lee J-A, Martin KC. The cell biology of synaptic plasticity. Science 2011 ; 334 : 623–628.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blackburn GM, Williams NH, Gamblin SJ, et al. Comment on “The pentacovalent phosphorus intermediate of a phosphoryl transfer reaction.” Science 2003 ; 301 : 1184; author reply 1184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin BR. Nuclear and Particle Physics. Chichester, UK : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006 : p.
An edited book
Ferrari M, Vuletic L eds. The Developmental Relations among Mind, Brain and Education: Essays in Honor of Robbie Case. Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2010 : XVII, 374 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Wortsman X. Dermatologic Ultrasound. In : Daniels JM, Hoppmann RA, editors. Practical Point-of-Care Medical Ultrasound. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016 : 47–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environnement, Risques & Santé.

Blog post
Fang J. Robotic Arms and Hands That Can Feel. IFLScience 2014 ;.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Registered Traveler Program Policy and Implementation Issues. Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002 : p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Branch J. A Case Study of Perceptions and Experiences among African-American Males Regarding College Dropout Rates in a Community College [Doctoral dissertation]. Scottsdale, AZ : Northcentral University. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Solitary Refinement: A Runner’s Quest. New York Times 2012 ; D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironnement, Risques & Santé
ISSN (print)1635-0421
ISSN (online)1952-3398

Other styles