How to format your references using the Environnement, Risques & Santé citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environnement, Risques & Santé. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonas DM. Chemistry. Optical analogs of 2D NMR. Science 2003 ; 300 : 1515–1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee SWS, Schwarz N. Washing away postdecisional dissonance. Science 2010 ; 328 : 709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abe E, Pennycook SJ, Tsai AP. Direct observation of a local thermal vibration anomaly in a quasicrystal. Nature 2003 ; 421 : 347–350.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miserez A, Schneberk T, Sun C, et al. The transition from stiff to compliant materials in squid beaks. Science 2008 ; 319 : 1816–1819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell G. Computational Methods of Linear Algebra. Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005 : p.
An edited book
Maffulli N ed. Platelet Rich Plasma in Musculoskeletal Practice. London : Springer, 2016 : X, 250 p. 19 illus., 13 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Griesinger C, Desprez B, Coecke S, et al. Validation of Alternative In Vitro Methods to Animal Testing: Concepts, Challenges, Processes and Tools. In : Eskes C, Whelan M, editors. Validation of Alternative Methods for Toxicity Testing. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016 : 65–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environnement, Risques & Santé.

Blog post
Davis J. New Blood Test Could Predict Ovarian Cancer Risk. IFLScience 2015 ;.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Systems: Agencies Overlook Security Controls During Development. Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988 : p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler-Roberts J. Fashioning distinction: construction of identity through dress and photography in nineteenth-century Paris [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA : California State University, Long Beach. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder SKC by L. Arts, Briefly; “Vagina Monologues” in Moscow. New York Times 2005 ; B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironnement, Risques & Santé
ISSN (print)1635-0421
ISSN (online)1952-3398

Other styles