How to format your references using the Environmental Technology & Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology & Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartz, M., 2014. Perspective: incision revision. Nature 516, S17.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheinin, M.Y., Wang, M.D., 2012. Biochemistry. A DNA twist diffuses and hops. Science 338, 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwasawa, T., Hooley, R.J., Rebek, J., Jr, 2007. Stabilization of labile carbonyl addition intermediates by a synthetic receptor. Science 317, 493–496.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kashiwaya, K., Ochiai, S., Sakai, H., Kawai, T., 2001. Orbit-related long-term climate cycles revealed in a 12-Myr continental record from Lake Baikal. Nature 410, 71–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fight, A., 2004. Understanding International Bank Risk. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Fu, M.C., Jarrow, R.A., Yen, J.-Y.J., Elliott, R.J. (Eds.), 2007. Advances in Mathematical Finance, Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Günay, A., Yolum, P., 2012. Detecting Conflicts in Commitments, in: Sakama, C., Sardina, S., Vasconcelos, W., Winikoff, M. (Eds.), Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies IX: 9th International Workshop, DALT 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 3, 2011, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology & Innovation.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Study Suggests That Humans Are Still Evolving [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Transportation Infrastructure: Information on Bridge Conditions (No. GAO-16-72R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obeng-Dompreh, S., 2008. The impact of servicemembers’ learning styles and computer anxiety levels on computer -mediated learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D., 1994. Some Bad Role Models. New York Times 718.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwartz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Schwartz, 2014; Sheinin and Wang, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheinin and Wang, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Kashiwaya et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology & Innovation
ISSN (print)2352-1864
ScopePlant Science
Soil Science
General Environmental Science

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