How to format your references using the Environmental Technology & Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology & Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
De Libero, G., 2004. Immunology. The Robin Hood of antigen presentation. Science 303, 485–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gonnermann, H.M., Mukhopadhyay, S., 2009. Preserving noble gases in a convecting mantle. Nature 459, 560–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurtley, S., Ash, C., Roberts, L., 2010. Tuberculosis & malaria. Landscapes of infection. Introduction. Science 328, 841.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McGuire, A.L., Cho, M.K., McGuire, S.E., Caulfield, T., 2007. Medicine. The future of personal genomics. Science 317, 1687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, M., 2014. From GSM to LTE-Advanced. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gathen, J. von Z., Imaña, J.L., Koç, Ç.K. (Eds.), 2008. Arithmetic of Finite Fields: 2nd International Workshop, WAIFI 2008 Siena, Italy, July 6-9, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Roze, E., Bonnet, C., Betuing, S., Caboche, J., 2010. Huntington’s Disease, in: Ahmad, S.I. (Ed.), Diseases of DNA Repair, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 45–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology & Innovation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Trippy 360-Degree, Panoramic Time Lapse Of Night Sky [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Rail Transit: Observations on FTA’s State Safety Oversight Program and Potential Change in Its Oversight Role (No. GAO-10-314T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chitakasempornkul, K., 2012. Ordinal time series analysis for Air Quality Index (AQI) in San Bernardino County (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley, S., 2017. Tally of Suspect Accounts at Wells Fargo Grows by 1.4 Million. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (De Libero, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (De Libero, 2004; Gonnermann and Mukhopadhyay, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gonnermann and Mukhopadhyay, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (McGuire et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology & Innovation
ISSN (print)2352-1864
ScopePlant Science
Soil Science
General Environmental Science

Other styles