How to format your references using the Environmental Technology & Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology & Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schubert, C., 2011. Single-cell analysis: The deepest differences. Nature 480, 133–137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bandyopadhyay, P.R., Hansen, J.C., 2013. Breakup and then makeup: a predictive model of how cilia self-regulate hardness for posture control. Sci. Rep. 3, 1956.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNally, A., Prier, C.K., MacMillan, D.W.C., 2011. Discovery of an α-amino C-H arylation reaction using the strategy of accelerated serendipity. Science 334, 1114–1117.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ding, B.-S., Nolan, D.J., Butler, J.M., James, D., Babazadeh, A.O., Rosenwaks, Z., Mittal, V., Kobayashi, H., Shido, K., Lyden, D., Sato, T.N., Rabbany, S.Y., Rafii, S., 2010. Inductive angiocrine signals from sinusoidal endothelium are required for liver regeneration. Nature 468, 310–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Botsai, E., Kaneshiro, C., Cuccia, P., Pajo, H., 2010. The Architect’s Guide to Preventing Water Infiltration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bui, T.D., Ho, T.V., Ha, Q.T. (Eds.), 2008. Intelligent Agents and Multi-Agent Systems: 11th Pacific Rim International Conference on Multi-Agents, PRIMA 2008, Hanoi, Vietnam, December 15-16, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Goddard, J., 2008. Tick-Borne Diseases, in: Goddard, J. (Ed.), Infectious Diseases and Arthropods. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 81–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology & Innovation.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. New Photo Shows The Dark Side Of Pluto [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. ADP Acquisitions: Patent Automation Encountering Major Planning and Procurement Problems (No. IMTEC-86-19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rose, L., 2012. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: An Exploration From Science to Soul (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2015. The Undoing of a Quiet Jet. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schubert, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bandyopadhyay and Hansen, 2013; Schubert, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bandyopadhyay and Hansen, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ding et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology & Innovation
ISSN (print)2352-1864
ScopePlant Science
Soil Science
General Environmental Science

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