How to format your references using the Environmental Science & Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science & Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mango, S. E. Ageing: Generations of Longevity. Nature 2011, 479 (7373), 302–303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Starr, D. A.; Han, M. Role of ANC-1 in Tethering Nuclei to the Actin Cytoskeleton. Science 2002, 298 (5592), 406–409.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pozzi, F.; Di Matteo, T.; Aste, T. Spread of Risk across Financial Markets: Better to Invest in the Peripheries. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1665.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Savage, V. M.; White, E. P.; Moses, M. E.; Ernest, S. K. M.; Enquist, B. J.; Charnov, E. L. Comment on “The Illusion of Invariant Quantities in Life Histories.” Science 2006, 312 (5771), 198; author reply 198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agung, I. G. N. Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews; John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd: Singapore, 2011.
An edited book
Human Resource Management Practices: Assessing Added Value; Andresen, M., Nowak, C., Eds.; Management for Professionals; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerber, J.; Arms, H.; Wiecher, M.; Danner, C. Making Bull’s-Eye Decisions in Volatile Settings. In Leveraging Flexibility: Win the Race with Dynamic Decision Management; Arms, H., Wiecher, M., Danner, C., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp 44–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science & Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. A Genetic Jigsaw: Single-Celled Organism Breaks Up Its Genome And Rearranges DNA Pieces (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Better Information Needed on Agencies’ Implementation of the Government Paperwork Elimination Act; GAO-01-1100; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sousa, K. L. Soul Seeking: A Crossing. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LISA W. FODERARO; Reporting for this article was contributed by Ford Fessenden; as well as by Kathleen McGrory in Westchester; Akhtar, F.; Sophia Chang on; Koblin, J.; Nate Schweber in; Lazo, A.; Connecticut, A. S. in. That Sound You Hear? The Market Coming Down to Earth. New York Times. April 2, 2006, p 14LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science & Technology
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0013-936X
ISSN (online)1520-5851
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Environmental Chemistry

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